Colorful Rocks in the Central Peaks of Ritchey Crater
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Colorful Rocks in the Central Peaks of Ritchey Crater (PSP_005372_1515)

October 17, 2007
Central peaks form when a large impact crater rebounds after the initial compression stage, lifting deep bedrock up into hills or mountains. Ritchey Crater is a large (more than 100 kilometer diameter), well-preserved impact crater in the southern highlands of Mars, south of Valles Marineris.

This HiRISE color image reveals a rich diversity of colors and textures in the central region of the crater. For example, the subimage shows several densely fractured outcrops of bedrock with a range of colors due to different rock types, partially covered by dark sand dunes.

In the middle of the area is a medium-dark material that contains many bright rock fragments—perhaps breccia (broken up and randomly jumbled rocks). There are raised ridges—both straight and sinuous—which may mark fractures and channels that could have been indurated (hardened) by water-deposited minerals. The heat of the impact event could have driven hydrothermal circulation of water for many centuries.

The colors in this image are from the infrared, red, and blue-green filters, in which each color band is given a separate contrast stretch. In the cutout the colors were further enhanced in intensity to reveal more subtle variations. If a rover could land here, it would be able to study a treasure trove of diverse rocks and minerals and ancient environments.

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