Pavonis Mons Caldera
October 12, 2009
Pavonis Mons is the middle of the three large volcanoes on the Tharsis bulge. This visible THEMIS image covers the edge of the volcano's caldera. Outside of the caldera, numerous lava flows and impact craters can be seen. In addition, there are a few small features which may be cinder cones. The best example is on the left hand side of the image, about two thirds of the way down from the top. There is an elevation difference of about 4.2 kilometers from the top of the volcano to the caldera floor. This image shows evidence for repeated episodes of mass wasting of the caldera wall, likely due to subsidence of the caldera over time.
Topics: Caldera, Igneous rocks, Shield volcanoes, Environment, Ceraunius Tholus, Newberry Volcano, Tharsis, Volcano, Pavonis Mons, Volcanology, Depressions