Iran's Salt Glaciers
January 27, 2004
In southern Iran, the collision between the Asian landmass and the Arabian platform has folded rocks and pushed up the rugged Zagros Mountains. In places, underlying deposits of salt have ascended in fluid-like plumes. Some of these plumes have pushed through the rock above, like toothpaste from a tube, and they are now visible as darkish irregular patches. This image shows a few of over 200 similar features —- called diapirs, or salt plugs —- that are scattered about this part of the Zagros Mountains. Gravity has caused the salt to flow like glaciers into adjacent valleys. The resulting tongue-shaped bodies are more than 5 kilometers long, with repeating bow-shaped ridges separated by crevasse-like gullies and with steep sides and fronts. This is an ASTER image.
Topics: Salt glacier, Sediments, Economic geology, Diapir, Zagros Mountains, Structural geology, Glacier, Iran