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Mangroves and Coral Reefs Viti Levu Fiji
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Mangroves and Coral Reefs, Viti Levu, Fiji

December 26, 2009
Deep green forest on land and the delicate turquoise coral reef in the ocean mirror each other in this true-color image from December 18, 2009. Both systems provide a significant habitat for a wide range of life, and both depend on the other for their healthy existence.

The forest, a mangove forest, defines the delta of the Ba River on the north side of Viti Levu, Fiji's main island. Such mangrove forests serve as the interface between river and sea across Fiji and in many other places in the world. The trees grow with roots submerged in the semi-salty water near the shore, but they grow best in sheltered areas, where the ocean's battering waves are minimal. In this case, the coral reef offshore provides a break, slowing incoming waves.

The mangrove forest, in turn, protects the reef from sediment and extensive algal blooms. The tangle of roots catches sediment and nitrogen from the river, acting as a natural filter. Sediment would cloud the water, blocking the sunlight that the coral needs to grow. Nitrogen from agricultural run-off feeds algae in the ocean. Extensive ocean blooms can coat the reef or rob the water of oxygen, both of which would be harmful to the reef. Nitrogen run-off could be a problem along the Ba River, since the river flows through heavily farmed hills and valleys where most of Fiji's sugar cane is produced.

The Advanced Land Imager on NASA's Earth-Observer 1 satellite captured this image.

References

Food and Agriculture Organization. (2004). Status and trends in mangrove area extent worldwide. United Nations. Accessed December 21, 2009.

Joyce, C. (2007, June 14). Fiji's mangroves, coral under assault. NPR. Accessed December 21, 2009.

Ledua, E., Matoto, S.V., Sesewa, A., and Korovulavula, J. (1996, September). Freshwater clam resource assessment of the Ba River. South Pacific Commission. Accessed December 21, 2009.

Senibulu, M. (2000, March). The role of the national government in the economic development of mangroves in Fiji. Research for Conservation of Mangroves, International workshop Asia-Pacific Cooperation. Accessed December 21, 2009.

NASA Earth Observatory image created by Jesse Allen, using EO-1 ALI data provided courtesy of the NASA EO-1 team. Caption by Holli Riebeek.

Instrument: EO-1 - ALI