An atomic force microscope image of a hexagonally ordered
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An atomic force microscope image of a hexagonally ordered array of alumina nanopores

June 2, 2010
An atomic force microscope image of a hexagonally-ordered array of alumina nanopores that were fabricated by anodization, as viewed from the top. The size of the image is 1 micron by 1 micron. This research was supported by National Science Foundation (NSF) grant DMR 00-95215. [One of 14 related images. See Next Image.]

More about this Image Once the target of solely experimental research, the electronic and photonic components that are crafted from organic chemicals now drive major markets. Uses for the scalable, light weight technologies range from the billion dollar photo-conductive film industry to the growing market for solid-state lighting, such as LEDs (light-emitting diodes).

Organic electronic and photonic applications that are still in development may have an even broader impact, serving as flexible electronics, biologically-compatible devices, solid-state lighting and chemical sensors, as well as devices yet to be conceived.

In January 2003, an NSF-sponsored workshop took place in which experts from industry and universities came together to discuss the future of the field. Some of the highlights discussed by participants were new developments, changing directions in research and the needs facing investigators as they train the next generation of engineers.

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