Lissoclinum patella Ascidian
2781 of 3588

Lissoclinum patella Ascidian

June 14, 2010
Lissoclinum patella Ascidian Lissoclinum patella (Gottschaldt, 1898) in the Spermonde Archipelago, southwestern Sulawesi, Indonesia. This species is one of the most studied ascidians because of its bioactive metabolites and natural products, which may be of great pharmaceutical value for a range of human diseases. On the photograph you can see the L. patella colony overgrowing alive corals. Even though not many coral reef organisms are able to overgrow alive corals, the L. patella colony in the photo is able to do so, probably at least partly because of its bioactive chemicals. Ascidians are animals that live in seawater. In the early stage of life, they look like a tiny fish, with a tail which they will use to swim around until they have located a nice spot to settle down. As soon as they settle, they lose their tail and fasten themselves on the substratum, growing and living the remainder of their life as a sessile animal. Ascidians have a kind of heart, blood, muscles, "lung" and stomach, just as most animals have. There are two groups of ascidians: solitary and colonial. If you were to examine with a microscope, the insides of an Ascidian from the colony type, you would see many small, individual ascidians. (Date of Image: June 2000)

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