National Science Center Exhibit (Image 1)
June 22, 2010
National Science Center Exhibit (Image 1) A Plasma Ball (also known as plasma sphere or plasma lamp), part of the National Science Center's exhibit at the ESTEME Week "Expo 2004." The Excellence in Science, Technology and Mathematics Education (ESTEME) Week "Expo 2004," featured exhibits to promote excellent educational programs and best practices. Many exhibitors were nominated to participate but the twenty-nine "Best in the Nation" were invited to give a presentation during the expo. The National Science Center's (NSC) Mobile Discovery Center was one of the twenty-nine selected as "Best in the Nation." NSC's exhibit featured highlights from their national outreach programs, including hands-on interactive, high-technology exhibits like an Artificial Intelligence (AI) program, Thermal Image-Visible Light Cameras, LightStick, Plasma Ball and Web site demonstrations. The National Science Center (NSC) is a unique partnership between National Science Center, Inc., a non-profit organization, and the United States Army. Formerly sponsored by the National Science Foundation, ESTEME Week is no longer an active program. [See Related Image.] (Date of Image: 2004) More about this Image Plasma lamps are usually a clear glass orb, filled with a mixture of various gases at low pressure, and driven by high frequency alternating current at high voltage (approx. 35kHz, 2-5kV), generated by a high voltage transformer. A much smaller orb in its center serves as an electrode. Beams or snakes of "light" (actually emergent patterns in ionized gas) extend from the inner electrode to the outer glass container, giving an appearance similar to multiple constant beams of coloured lightning. The beams first follow the electric field lines of the dipole, but move up due to convection. Placing a hand near the glass alters the high-frequency electric field, causing a single beam to snake around from the inner ball to the point of contact. An electric current is produced within any conductive object near the orb, as the glass doesn't block the flow of current when high frequencies are involved; the glass acts as the dielectric in a capacitor formed between the ionized gas and the hand.
Topics: Plasma physics, Nikola Tesla, Physics, National Science Center Inc., Plasma lamp, Lightning, Plasma