After the Tsunami Image 10
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After the Tsunami (Image 10)

June 22, 2010
After the Tsunami (Image 10) The shifting plates of the magnitude 9.0 earthquake thrust this coral, likely from the genus Millepora, out of the water. The earthquake pushed this area of the Indonesian shoreline up, exposing fragile coral reefs that were once submerged. More about this ImageThis image was taken by Kerry Sieh, a geologist from Caltech who has studied the off-shore Sumatran earthquake zone for over a decade. In the summer of 2004, in fact, his research team had distributed educational posters and brochures about how to recognize the signs of an impending tsunami. Sieh and his team flew to Indonesia soon after the Dec. 26, 2004, disaster to survey the damage from Jan. 1 to Jan. 20, 2005 (under National Science Foundation (NSF) grant EAR 02-08508). Because of Sieh's in-country contacts and partners, they traveled extensively in the area and even met with the vice president of Indonesia before starting their survey. The team had several goals. First, they wanted to download information from the Sumatra's array of global positioning satellite stations. Second, they wanted to explore by air, several islands close to the earthquake's epicenter to look for evidence of uplift. Third, they hoped to survey the west coast of Aceh, at the northern tip of Sumatra, for evidence of land sink due to the earthquake. Although they encountered some difficulties -- logistical problems, the theft of equipment at one GPS station and various other delays -- they accomplished all three goals. For example, on Nias Island, off the southern coast of Sumatra, inhabitants reported that the highest wave was about 12 feet. On Simeulue Island (southwest of Aceh), Sieh found that the sea had not returned to its pre-tsunami shoreline. In some cases, over three-feet of water now stands in places that were dry; while in others, once-submerged coral reefs are now completely exposed. Sieh described arriving in Simeulue: "Before we could shut down the engine, a hundred or more children and adults swarmed out onto the reef from the trees. We immediately split ourselves into a science team and a relief team. Danny and I began to inspect the corals, while Dayat and Samsir (our pilot and mechanic) began to talk to the villagers and distribute the materials we had brought along as relief aid -- clothing, powdered milk, hammers and fishing equipment." To learn more about NSF-supported research after the deadly tsunami, see "After the Tsunami: A Special Report." (Date of image: January 2005) [Image 10 of 16 related images. See Image 11.]

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