Lake Neusiedl Austria
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Lake Neusiedl, Austria

July 13, 2010
Lake Neusiedl, straddling the Austrian-Hungarian border, is featured in this satellite image. The largest steppe lake in Central Europe, Neusiedl covers an area around 315 sq km, with 240 sq km situated in Austria and 75 sq km in Hungary (bottom).

Reeds, ponds and wetland areas that provide important habitat for fauna and flora as well as for migratory birds surround Lake Neusiedl, which is a protected wildlife sanctuary.

In addition to the natural landscape and extraordinary wildlife, this is a highly developed area with more than 1500 landowners whose patches of land are now an integrated part of the protected area.

Lake Neusiedl, called the Sea of the Viennese due to its close proximity to Vienna, has totally dried up at least 100 times since it formed around 16 000 BC. Since the lake provides humidity and temperature buffering, the drying-up of the seabed causes major environmental disruptions. The Austro-Hungarian Water Commission has been controlling the water level via a dam since 1956.

The unique landscape of the Lake Neusiedl region, which encompasses an area of around 747 sq km around the lake, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.

The Leitha Mountain range, called Leithaberg

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