Bromine and Chlorine Go Separate Ways
December 19, 2004
This graph shows the relative concentrations of bromine and chlorine at various locations on Earth and Mars. Typically, bromine and chlorine stick together in a fixed ratio, as in martian meteorites and Earth seawater. But sometimes the elements split apart and their relative quantities diverge. This separation is usually caused by evaporation processes, as in the Dead Sea on Earth. On Mars, at Meridiani Planum and Gusev Crater, this split has been observed to an even greater degree than seen on Earth. This puzzling result is currently being further explored by Mars Exploration Rover scientists. Data for the Mars locations were taken by the rover's alpha particle X-ray spectrometer.
Topics: Environment, Meridiani Planum, Mars Exploration Rover, Mars, Heat Shield Rock, Bromine, Gusev crater, Scientific information from the Mars Exploration Rover mission