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The Crossing of Endeavour
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The Crossing of Endeavour

June 16, 2011
  • Date acquired: May 05, 2011
  • Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 213069308
  • Image ID: 214670
  • Instrument: Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
  • WAC filter: 7 (748 nanometers)
  • Center Latitude: 38.75°
  • Center Longitude: 329.0° E
  • Resolution: 159 meters/pixel
  • Scale: The crater at the top of the image is 15 kilometers in diameter
  • Incidence Angle: 81.4°
  • Emission Angle: 2.7°
  • Phase Angle: 84.2°


Of Interest: The scarp (cliff) crossing vertically through this image is Endeavour Rupes, named for the ship used by Cook to explore Tahiti, New Zealand, and Australia in 1768-1771. Visit these images of Beagle Rupes and near the rim of Rembrandt to see examples of other scarps.

This image was acquired as part of MDIS's high-resolution surface morphology base map. The surface morphology base map will cover more than 90% of Mercury's surface with an average resolution of 250 meters/pixel (0.16 miles/pixel or 820 feet/pixel). Images acquired for the surface morphology base map typically have off-vertical Sun angles (i.e., high incidence angles) and visible shadows so as to reveal clearly the topographic form of geologic features.

The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. Visit the Why Mercury? section of this website to learn more about the key science questions that the MESSENGER mission is addressing. During the one-year primary mission, MDIS is scheduled to acquire more than 75,000 images in support of MESSENGER's science goals.


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