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Last updated on April 24, 2014 at 1:21 EDT
Appreciating Mercurys Brahms
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Appreciating Mercury's Brahms

June 16, 2011
  • Date acquired: May 06, 2011
  • Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 213198510
  • Image ID: 220726
  • Instrument: Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
  • WAC filter: 7 (748 nanometers)
  • Center Latitude: 57.62°
  • Center Longitude: 181.3° E
  • Resolution: 207 meters/pixel
  • Scale: Brahms has a diameter of 100 kilometers
  • Incidence Angle: 76.3°
  • Emission Angle: 37.4°
  • Phase Angle: 113.7°


Of Interest: Mercury's Brahms crater is named for the nineteenth century German composer and pianist Johannes Brahms. Brahms is a complex crater with a central peak and terraced walls, like its neighbor Verdi. Smaller secondary craters are numerous in this scene and surround Brahms in all directions.

This image was acquired as part of MDIS's high-resolution surface morphology base map. The surface morphology base map will cover more than 90% of Mercury's surface with an average resolution of 250 meters/pixel (0.16 miles/pixel or 820 feet/pixel). Images acquired for the surface morphology base map typically have off-vertical Sun angles (i.e., high incidence angles) and visible shadows so as to reveal clearly the topographic form of geologic features.

The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. Visit the Why Mercury? section of this website to learn more about the key science questions that the MESSENGER mission is addressing. During the one-year primary mission, MDIS is scheduled to acquire more than 75,000 images in support of MESSENGER's science goals.