Calcutta  India
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Calcutta , India

March 2, 2005
This Envisat ASAR radar multicolor composite image is focused over Calcutta (large bright area centre left), the capital of the state of West Bengal, India. The city is a river port located on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, an arm of the Ganges, making it the most important urban center of Eastern India. Its maximum elevation is about 9 metres above sea level. The image shows topographically that eastward from the river, the land slopes away to marshes and swamplands. Similar topography is seen on the west bank of the river, that has confined the metropolitan area to a strip of five to eight kilometers width on either bank of the river.The principal suburbs of Calcutta are Howrah (on the west bank), Baranagar to the north, South Dum Dum to the northeast, the South Suburban Municipality (Behala) to the south, and Garden Reach in the southwest are also visible.

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