Radio Galaxy TN J1338-1942
April 28, 2005
This photo shows the sky region near the powerful radio galaxy TN J1338-1942 at a redshift of 4.1, i.e. at a distance of about 13.5 billion light-years from the Earth (we see it as it was when the Universe was just 1.5 billion years old). The photo is a "negative" rendering (the objects are dark on a bright background) of an image obtained with the FORS2 multi-mode instrument on the 8.2-m VLT KUEYEN telescope (ESO Paranal Observatory, Chile) through a narrow-band optical filter, centered at the wavelength of the redshifted Lyman-alpha line. The 20 galaxies that have been confirmed to be emitting the sharp colours due to glowing hydrogen gas at the distance of the radio galaxy are encircled in blue. The green rectangle marks the radio galaxy, from which a stream of hydrogen gas stretches to the northwest, over a distance of about 300,000 light-years. The size of the sky field corresponds to about 10 million light-years at the distance of these galaxies. North is up and East is left.
Topics: Astronomical spectroscopy, Redshift, Physical cosmology, Large-scale structure of the cosmos, Galaxy formation and evolution, Galaxy, Very Large Telescope, European Southern Observatory