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Southern Norway
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Southern Norway

April 23, 2013
Dark blue fjords cut deep into the southern lobe of Norway, a testament to the landscape’s icy past. The fjords, deep blue fingers of water that extend in from the ocean, were originally “U”-shaped valleys carved out of the land by glaciers. When sea levels rose, the coastal valleys were filled with ocean water. From the ground, a fjord is a deep bay surrounded by steep mountains. The mountains give the landscape a wrinkled appearance in this image, taken on October 17, 2005, by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite. By this time, snow had already settled on the mountain tops. Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC