Tierra Del Fuego
1056 of 1114

Tierra Del Fuego

January 16, 2006
This Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) image is of Southern Argentina and the island archipelago of Tierra del Fuego. The archipelago was discovered in 1520 by Ferdinand Magellan. He named the islands Tierra del Fuego "Land of Fire" because of the numerous fires he saw on the beaches made by the aborigines for both keeping warm (the average yearly temperature being only 6 degrees) and cooking. The archipelago is shared between Chile and Argentina, though Chile has the greater share, nearly two-thirds. The Magellan Straits between Tierra del Fuego and mainland Argentina and Chile are named after the aforementioned explorer. The only settlement of any notable size is the Chilean city of Punta Arenas on the mainland side of the straits. It is also one of the world's most southerly cities.

Technical Information:
  • Satellite: Envisat
  • Instrument: MERIS
  • Acquisition: 09-Oct-2004
  • Orbit nr: 13648
  • Center coordinates: lat. -52.11, lon. -67.20

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