Canada continues to align air emissions measures with the United States
HALIFAX, May 8, 2013 /CNW/ – The Honourable Denis Lebel, Minister of
Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, Minister of the Economic
Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec and Minister of
Intergovernmental Affairs, today announced that the Government of
Canada is adopting strict environmental standards to reduce air
emissions from ships navigating in Canadian waters.
These changes further align Canada’s air emission standards with the
United States. Minister Lebel also announced further measures to
prevent other ship-source pollution in Canadian waters.
“The changes we are announcing today will help make our oceans and lakes
cleaner by reducing ship emissions,” said Minister Lebel. “Since
vessels from Canada and the United States routinely travel in both
countries’ waters, aligning our regulations is the logical thing to
It is expected that these new standards will result in an annual
reduction of ship-sourced greenhouse gases (GHGs) of 9 % or 11 Mt
annually by 2025.
The amendments bring new requirements into force for vessels under Annex
VI of the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
(MARPOL) that Canada has negotiated with international partners. They set new
Canadian standards for environmental protection in seven areas.
1. Canada is further aligning its emission standards with the United States with the adoption of the North American Emission Control Area (ECA). Air emissions standards under the ECA are stricter than global requirements. 2. New standards will reduce allowable emissions of key air pollutants from ships. By 2020, emissions of sulphur oxide will be reduced by 96% and nitrogen oxides by 80%. 3. New energy efficiency requirements will reduce GHGs emissions from international shipping. By 2025, new vessels must be 30% more energy efficient and all vessels must have energy efficiency plans. 4. A new air emissions regime for Canadian vessels operating in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence waters will support industry efforts to modernize their fleet while phasing in the strictest sulphur oxide standards by 2020. 5. New standards will require marine diesel engines installed after January 1, 2016 to be certified to recognized US or international environmental standards. 6. A new standard will help manage greywater -the water that drains from a ship's sinks, showers and laundries. Under the amendments, greywater discharged in Canadian waters (other than Arctic waters, which are subject to other standards) must not result in the deposit of solids or cause any sheen on the water. 7. Updated requirements for the transfer of oil between tankers will align Canadian requirements with IMO pollution prevention standards.
“The cruise lines operating in Canada are leaders in environmentally
sustainable practices, and meet or outperform all applicable
international and federal air emissions requirements wherever we
operate,” said Greg Wirtz, president, Cruise Lines International
Association – North West and Canada. “The cruise industry continues to
invest in new technologies to reduce air emissions, including exhaust
gas scrubbers, shore power in ports and vessel efficiency measures. We
recognize that these new regulations contribute to the Canadian
government’s efforts to further improve Canada’s air quality.”
“The regulatory changes announced today are the result of much
consultation on how we can better protect Canada’s clean air and
waterways,” said Karen Oldfield, President and CEO, Halifax Port
Authority. “Here at the Port of Halifax, we’re making progress with
projects such as cruise shore power and our port environmental
management system, which was the first in Canada to achieve an ISO
14001 certification in 2005.”
“Protecting our air and waterways from all ship-source pollution,
including greenhouse gas emissions is a priority that our government
takes very seriously,” added Minister Lebel. “We are making progress
on our Copenhagen commitment to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions by
17% by 2020. Canada is now halfway towards meeting this target.”
The Government of Canada is committed to reducing Canada’s GHG
emissions, and has backed up that commitment by taking a number of
measures. Here are four examples.
-- Our actions include implementing regulations to reduce GHGs from coal-fired electricity plants, which will reduce GHGs by 214 megatonnes over the period 2015-2035. Canada is the only nation with regulations banning the construction of new coal-fired power plants that use traditional technology. As well, we now require all existing plants to shut down on a schedule, making Canada the first country in the world to do so. -- We are implementing regulations to improve fuel efficiency and reduce GHG emissions from new on-road heavy-duty vehicles and engines. With these tough new measures, GHG emissions from 2018 model-year heavy-duty vehicles will be reduced by up to 23 per cent. -- The government is consulting on regulations for cars and light trucks for model years 2017 to 2025. Our action to date will see GHGs from cars and light trucks fall by up to 50% by 2025 compared to 2008 models. -- We are implementing regulations requiring 5% renewable fuel in gasoline.
Transport Canada engaged numerous stakeholders including the United
States Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Coast
The Regulations Amending the Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals
Regulations were pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, on July 21, 2012.
Regulations amending the
Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals Regulations
The Regulations Amending the Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals
Regulations introduce strict environmental standards that will help prevent
deliberate, negligent and accidental discharge of vessel-source
pollutants into Canadian waters.
The amendments set new stricter Canadian standards for environmental
protection and apply to vessels under Annex VI of the International
Maritime Organization’s International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
(MARPOL), which Canada has negotiated with international partners including the
Canada is further aligning its emission standards with the United States
with the adoption of the North American Emission Control Area
The amendments adopt the North American Emission Control Area (ECA),
which was adopted by the IMO in March 2010 and applies to ships of 400
GT and above navigating in designated coastal waters under the
jurisdictions of Canada, the United States and France (for Saint-Pierre
and Miquelon) south of 60° north latitude. Air emissions standards
under the ECA are stricter than global requirements. It sets an initial
1 per cent limit on content of marine fuel, followed by a 0.1 per cent
limit that will come into effect in 2015. It also sets standards that
lower nitrogen oxide emissions for vessels transiting these waters.
Reducing allowable emissions of certain air pollutants from vessels
Exhaust emissions from vessels contain sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides
and particulate matter. Health Canada and Environment Canada conducted
research on these pollutants and found that emissions of these
pollutants from vessels were growing significantly and would adversely
affect public health and the environment.
In accordance with MARPOL Annex VI, new standards to reduce emissions of
key air pollutants from Canadian vessels operating overseas are coming
into force. These standards will reduce ship-source emissions of
sulphur oxide by 96% and nitrogen oxides by 80% by 2020. They lower how
much sulphur can be in fuel and require adjustments to vessels’
engines. These requirements apply to vessels of 400 gross tonnage (GT)
and above, except for domestic vessels that voyage only in Canadian
waters. Compliance with the new requirements will ensure Canadian
vessels can access ports around the world.
Raise energy efficiency requirements for vessels
Vessels of 400 GT and above that built after June 30, 2013, must meet
new energy efficiency standards that will reduce carbon dioxide
emissions by 30% by 2025. This does not apply to domestic vessels
voyaging only in Canadian waters. The amended regulations also require
new and existing vessels of 400 GT and above to have plans on board
stating how each vessel will increase energy efficiency and reduce
greenhouse gas emissions.
Creating a new air emissions regime for Canadian vessels operating in
the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence
Known as fleet averaging, it allows compliance with the new emissions
requirements to be determined by a firm’s fleet overall. Between 2013
and 2020, the standard will progressively reduce allowable sulphur
dioxide emissions until they match those of the ECA. By 2020,
individual vessels will be required to meet the sulphur limits.
Establishing new standards for managing greywater discharges
Under the amendments, greywater (drainage from vessels’ sinks, laundries
and kitchens) discharged Canadian waters (other than Arctic waters,
which are subject to other standards) must not result in the deposit of
solids or cause any sheen on the water. In addition, new vessels
carrying more than 500 passengers must treat greywater before
discharging it, or store it in holding tanks before discharging it at
least three nautical miles from shore.
Setting new standards for smaller marine diesel engines
New standards will require smaller new marine diesel engines installed
after January 1, 2016, to be certified to meet either the United States
“Category 2″ standards, or an equivalent international standard.
Improving transfer of oil between tankers at sea
These changes will align Canadian requirements to updated IMO standards
to prevent marine pollution, by requiring oil tankers of 150 GT or more
to carry plans on board for ship-to-ship oil transfer operations at
sea. They will also be required to give advance notice of transfer
SOURCE Transport Canada