July 6, 2008

Going Underground

You might have to dig deep to find the answers to some of these questions!

1. Some of the silver found in the Crown Jewels was mined here, off the North Devon coast. Where?

2. This mineral was once mined extensively in the Brendon Hills. What was it?

3. This upland area was once divided up into four so-called "liberties," each owner having the mineral rights. Where? And what was the mineral?

4. These "Freeminers" must work underground for a year and a day to claim their rights. Where do they work?

5. Somerset's last coal mine closed in 1973. Which one?

6. Stone from these quarries was sent by sea to help build St Paul's cathedral. Can you name them?

7. This mineral, used in the manufacture of cannon, was first discovered on Worle Hill, near Weston. What was it? (Clue - it's used today as a medicine to soothe inflamed skin.)

8. This stone gives the Cotswold villages their honey-coloured look. But what is its geological name?

9. Once mined extensively near Yate, in South Gloucestershire, this rare mineral is used in the pyrotechnics (fireworks) industry. What is it?

10. So-called "Bristol Diamonds" can be found in many 18th- century grottoes, including Goldney Gardens in Bristol. Do you know what they really are?


1) Combe Martin. 2) Iron ore. 3) The Mendips. Lead. 4) The Forest of Dean. 5) Kilmersdon, near Radstock. 6) Portland. 7) Calamine. 8) Oolitic limestone. 9) Celestine. 10) Quartz crystals.

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