August 21, 2008

Iran Aerospace Organization Official Says More Satellites in Two Years

Text of unattributed news report headlined "Head of country's aerospace organization reports production of several more satellites in the next two years" published by Iranian newspaper Keyhan website on 19 August

While describing the details of the successful launch of the Iranian satellite-carrying rocket, and the objectives of the launch, the head of the State Aerospace Organization has said: The satellite launcher had been designed to be placed in the LEO [abbreviation in English in the original, meaning Low Earth Orbit] orbit, and with the successful launch of the satellite, Iran has now entered the small group of countries which enjoy the technical know-how for constructing such a system.

Dr Reza Taqipur, who was speaking in an interview with ISNA [Iranian Students News Agency], then spoke about the designing and manufacturing of other satellites in the next two years. He emphasized: The construction of these satellites is on the agenda, and with their completion, they will be gradually placed in their designated orbits around the Earth.

In that interview, he also said that the number of countries which currently enjoyed the technology necessary for launching satellites and placing them in the orbit did not exceed the number of fingers on one hand. He added: This is while many countries in the world are currently using satellites which they have either bought or hired from others. Therefore, the fact that it has successfully acquired the necessary technology in that area is something which is very important for the Islamic Republic of Iran.

He went on to say: It is also important that this success has been achieved at a time when the Western powers are doing their best to deprive Iran from having access to many advanced technologies, merely for political reasons, and without any scientific and technological dimensions [as written]. These restrictions make the Iranian achievement doubly important and valuable. In addition, it must be emphasized that the acquisition of this know-how requires mastering of many other sophisticated and advanced technologies too. In other words, several different scientific and technological disciplines need to be used alongside each other in order to make the implementation of such a major project possible.

In another part of his remarks, the head of the State Aerospace Organization emphasized: If we do not consider India as one of the regional countries, then we must say that we are the first country of the region to launch a satellite into space. Of course, Malaysia has been very active in designing and manufacturing satellites, while Kazakhstan too has been actively involved in launching Russian rockets into space.

Explaining the various stages of the missions of the Safir-e Omid satellite launcher, Taqipur said: In general, satellite launchers usually go through several stages, and parts of the rockets are detached and destroyed at different stages. After arriving at their second stage, that is to say, when they reach the speed of 4,500 meters per second, nothing of the satellite launcher remains, and it is at that stage that the satellite it is carrying will be placed in the orbit.

In conclusion to his remarks, he said: The Omid [meaning Hope] satellite will consist of a series of mini satellites such as Omid 1 and Omid 2, which will be launched into the orbit in the shape of small communication and remote sensing satellites.

Taqipur then explained that the State Aerospace Organization had specific agreements for cooperation in aerospace science with seven universities. He added: Many of these universities have already set up aerospace studies faculties and have produced a number of graduates as well. Furthermore, we have some extensive plans for cooperation with universities in the field of implementation of aerospace projects. Of course, it should be explained that the three institutions of the Amir Kabir Industrial University, the Sharif Industrial University, and the Science and Industry [Elm va San'at] University are currently building some student-designed satellites, and these are a part of the national aerospace plans, which will reach fruition in the coming years.

Originally published by Keyhan website, Tehran, in Persian 19 Aug 08.

(c) 2008 BBC Monitoring Middle East. Provided by ProQuest LLC. All rights Reserved.