Sugarcane Ethanol Already Meets California Low Carbon Fuel Standard, Says Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association

April 17, 2009

WASHINGTON, April 17 /PRNewswire/ — Sugarcane ethanol’s carbon intensity
is even lower than initially calculated by the California Air Resources Board
(CARB), according to comments submitted today by the Brazilian Sugarcane
Industry Association (UNICA). CARB is scheduled to vote on the first-of-its-
kind Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) on April 23-24. The objective of the LCFS
is to reduce by 10% the carbon intensity of all transportation fuels in
California by 2020.

“Sugarcane ethanol has a verifiable reduction in greenhouse gases of 90%
compared to gasoline. Sugarcane ethanol will easily meet the LCFS, not just in
2020 but today,” said Marcos Jank, UNICA’s President & CEO, following
submittal of a 25-page letter to the California regulator.

As part of broader climate change regulations, CARB is calculating the
carbon intensity of all fuels used in the state. It has determined that the
carbon intensity of gasoline is about 95 grams of carbon dioxide per megajoule
(gCO2/MJ), meaning that gasoline must reduce its carbon intensity to
86 gCO2/MJ by 2020 to meet the LCFS.

Additives such as biofuels will help gasoline meet the 10% reduction
target, since some biofuels, like sugarcane ethanol, have much lower carbon
intensity than gasoline. While preliminary CARB calculations indicate that
sugarcane ethanol has a carbon intensity of 27 gCO2/MJ, the submission by
UNICA points out that CARB failed to account for basic elements of sugarcane
production and ethanol processing that directly affect that result. These
include expanding mechanization of the cane harvest, increasing cogeneration
and significant, ongoing reduction of pre-harvest field burnings.

“Any realistic evaluation of carbon emissions from sugarcane farming in
Brazil must reflect the strict policies being implemented and action already
taken to phase out sugarcane burning, increase mechanical harvesting and
expand cogeneration output,” said Joel Velasco, UNICA Chief Representative in
North America. “Time and again, analysts have confirmed that sugarcane
ethanol achieves about a 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to
yesterday’s gasoline. And that’s not even comparing with tomorrow’s gasoline,
which will certainly come from more carbon intensive sources.”

UNICA’s letter also addresses the controversial calculations resulting
from so-called indirect land use change impacts from sugarcane expansion. The
letter supports numerous comments from stakeholders and mentions specifically
a letter by 111 Ph.D. Scientists which states that the science used to
determine such impacts is quite limited, highly uncertain and open to misuse,
through selective enforcement of such impacts. UNICA’s letter urges CARB to
revisit the methodologies utilized in land use change modeling.

“If CARB is determined to push forward with ILUC quantifications, we are
asking that the best available data and research be considered before rushing
to conclusions. If they want to project indirect land use changes in the
future, they must start by accurately representing the dynamics of Brazilian
agriculture today. We are confident that a thorough and scientific analysis
will conclude that indirect land use change from sugarcane cultivation in
Brazil is marginal at best, as we endeavor to demonstrate in our letter,” said
Velasco, who will be in Sacramento for the CARB vote on the LCFS next week.

To download UNICA’s letter to the California Air Resources Board, use the
following link:


The Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA) represents the top
producers of sugar and ethanol in the country’s South-Central region,
especially the state of Sao Paulo, which accounts for about 50% of the
country’s sugarcane harvest and 60% of total ethanol production. UNICA
develops position papers, statistics and specific research in support of
Brazil’s sugar, ethanol and bioelectricity sectors. In 2008, Brazil produced
an estimated 565 million metric tons of sugarcane, which yielded 31.3 million
tons of sugar and 25.7 billion liters (6.8 billion gallons) of ethanol.

    CDN Corporate Communications - Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Rosa Webster - (5511) 3643 2707 / rosa.webster@cdn.com.br
    Marli Romanini - (5511) 3643 2756 / marli@cdn.com.br
    Mariane dos Santos - (5511) 3643 2730 / mariane.santos@cdn.com.br

SOURCE Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA)

Source: newswire

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