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Alon USA Reports Third Quarter Results

November 4, 2010

DALLAS, Nov. 4, 2010 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ — Alon USA Energy, Inc. (NYSE: ALJ) (“Alon”) today announced results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2010. Net loss for the third quarter of 2010 was ($15.6) million, or ($0.29) per share, compared to net loss of ($26.6) million, or ($0.57) per share, for the same period last year. Excluding special items, Alon recorded a net loss of ($31.8) million, or ($0.59) per share, for the third quarter of 2010, compared to net loss of ($24.3) million, or ($0.52) per share, for the same period last year.

Net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2010, was ($97.8) million, or ($1.80) per share, compared to net loss of ($24.5) million, or ($0.52) per share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2009. Excluding special items, Alon recorded net loss of ($110.4) million, or ($2.04) per share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2010, compared to a net loss of ($17.3) million, or ($0.37) per share, for the same period last year.

Jeff Morris, Alon’s CEO, commented, “We are making very good progress on the integration of our Bakersfield refinery with our other California refineries. We plan for the Bakersfield hydrocracker unit to begin processing vacuum gas oil produced from our other California refineries by mid-year 2011. Upon completion of this integration, we intend to increase the throughput of the integrated California refineries and expect substantial improvement to the operating margin. We are also pleased that our Krotz Springs refinery completed its first full quarter of operation for the year with average refinery throughput of approximately 64,000 barrels per day. The Krotz Springs results were negatively affected by the much wider than historical WTI to LLS spreads thus we are undertaking initiatives with crude suppliers and other third parties to receive crudes such as WTI at our Krotz Springs refinery. This new crude flexibility will enable us to reduce our crude costs during these price spikes of Louisiana crudes.

“Our retail and branded marketing segment again had very positive earnings for the third quarter with adjusted EBITDA of $12 million. Our branded fuel margin increased over the second quarter by 39% while our branded fuel sales volume increased 13%. Asphalt marketing also had a profitable quarter with adjusted EBITDA of $11 million. Our specialty grades of asphalt, especially our ground tire rubber grades, continue strong growth.

“In October, we enhanced our liquidity by completing a registered direct offering of our preferred stock for $40 million and also obtained $23 million of letters of credit outside our existing credit facilities. We are also in a stage of evaluating offers and opportunities which would add $60 to $100 million to our resources.

“We are focused on three initiatives: continuing to increase the throughput at Big Spring, integrating our Bakersfield facility with Paramount, and revising our mode of operations at Krotz Springs to improve yields and develop alternative crudes to HLS/LLS.”

THIRD QUARTER 2010

Special items for the third quarter of 2010 included $16.2 million from the bargain purchase gain recognized from the Bakersfield refinery acquisition. Special items for the third quarter of 2009 included accumulated dividends of ($2.0) million on the preferred shares of Alon Refining Krotz Springs prior to their conversion to common stock at December 31, 2009 and an after-tax loss on the disposition of assets of ($0.3) million.

Refinery operating margin at the Big Spring refinery was $5.04 per barrel for the third quarter of 2010 compared to $1.34 per barrel for the same period in 2009. Light product yields increased in 2010 due to the operation of substantially all refinery units that were damaged in the 2008 fire. Light product yields were approximately 88.8% for the third quarter of 2010 and 80.6% for the third quarter of 2009. Refinery operating margin at the California refineries was $0.17 per barrel for the third quarter of 2010 compared to ($0.55) per barrel for the same period in 2009. This increase primarily resulted from higher West Coast 3/2/1 crack spreads and greater light/heavy spreads. The Krotz Springs refinery operating margin for the third quarter of 2010 was $1.00 per barrel compared to $2.45 per barrel for the same period in 2009. The decrease is primarily due to higher HLS/LLS crude oil costs relative to WTI.

Combined refinery throughput for the third quarter of 2010 averaged 138,253 barrels per day (“bpd”), consisting of: 53,060 bpd at the Big Spring refinery, 21,035 bpd at the California refineries and 64,158 bpd at the Krotz Springs refinery compared to a combined average throughput of 157,660 bpd in the third quarter of 2009, consisting of 62,500 bpd at the Big Spring refinery, 35,470 bpd at the California refineries and 59,690 bpd at the Krotz Springs refinery. The Big Spring refinery throughput was lower as a result of efforts to implement new operating procedures and the California refineries’ throughput was lower due to our continued efforts to optimize asphalt production with demand.

The average Gulf Coast 3/2/1 crack spread for the third quarter of 2010 was $7.76 per barrel compared to $6.52 per barrel for the same period in 2009. The average Gulf Coast 2/1/1 high sulfur diesel crack spread for the third quarter of 2010 was $7.02 per barrel compared to $5.36 per barrel for the third quarter of 2009. Additionally, the average West Coast 3/2/1 crack spread for the third quarter of 2010 was $15.30 per barrel compared to $14.85 per barrel for the third quarter of 2009.

Asphalt margins in the third quarter of 2010 decreased to $77.59 per ton compared to $82.99 per ton in the third quarter of 2009. On a cash basis, asphalt margins in the third quarter of 2010 were $73.90 per ton compared to $75.88 per ton in the third quarter of 2009. This decrease was primarily due to higher crude oil costs. The average blended asphalt sales price increased 7.3% from $446.26 per ton in the third quarter of 2009 to $478.65 per ton in the third quarter of 2010 and the average non-blended asphalt sales price increased 83.4% from $190.23 per ton in the third quarter of 2009 to $348.89 per ton in the third quarter of 2010. The price for WTI crude increased 11.6%, from $68.17 per barrel in the third quarter of 2009, to $76.05 per barrel in the third quarter of 2010.

In our retail and branded marketing segment, retail fuel sales gallons increased by 19.1% from 30.9 million gallons in the third quarter of 2009 to 36.8 million gallons in the third quarter of 2010. Our branded fuel sales increased by 24.1% from 68.3 million gallons in the third quarter of 2009 to 84.7 million gallons in the third quarter of 2010. Adjusted EBITDA for our retail and branded marketing segment was $12.2 million for the third quarter of 2010 compared to $8.1 million for the same period in 2009.

YEAR-TO-DATE 2010

Special items for the first nine months of 2010 included $16.2 million from the bargain purchase gain recognized from the Bakersfield refinery acquisition, an after-tax loss of ($3.9) million for the write-off of debt issuance costs associated with our prepayment of the Alon Refining Krotz Springs revolving credit facility and an after-tax gain on the disposition of assets of $0.3 million. Special items for the first nine months of 2009 included accumulated dividends of ($6.0) million on the preferred shares of Alon Refining Krotz Springs prior to their conversion to common stock at December 31, 2009 and an after-tax loss of ($1.3) million recognized on disposition of assets.

Refinery operating margin at the Big Spring refinery was $6.39 per barrel for the first nine months of 2010 compared to $6.32 per barrel for the same period in 2009. Light product yields increased in 2010 due to the operation of substantially all refinery units that were damaged in the 2008 fire. Light product yields were approximately 87.6% for the first nine months of 2010 and 81.3% for the first nine months of 2009. Refinery operating margin at the California refineries was $0.92 per barrel for the first nine months of 2010 compared to $2.41 per barrel for the same period in 2009. The decrease was partially due to decreased West Coast 3/2/1 crack spreads. The Krotz Springs refinery operating margin for the first nine months of 2010 was $0.44 per barrel compared to $6.64 per barrel for the same period last year. This decrease reflects the effects of the refinery being down for turnaround activities for the first five months of 2010.

Combined refinery throughput for the nine months ended September 30, 2010, averaged 94,775 bpd, consisting of: 46,244 bpd at the Big Spring refinery, 19,590 bpd at the California refineries and 28,941 bpd at the Krotz Springs refinery, compared to a combined average of 154,952 bpd for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, consisting of: 62,933 bpd at the Big Spring refinery, 34,711 bpd at the California refineries and 57,308 bpd at the Krotz Springs refinery. The Big Spring refinery throughput was lower as a result of efforts to implement new operating procedures and the California refineries’ throughput was lower due to continued efforts to optimize asphalt production with demand. The Krotz Springs refinery throughput was lower due its shut down for turnaround activities until June 2010.

The average 3/2/1 Gulf Coast crack spread for the first nine months of 2010 was $8.20 per barrel compared to $8.14 per barrel for the same period in 2009. The average 2/1/1 Gulf Coast high sulfur diesel crack spread for the first nine months of 2010 was $7.40 per barrel compared to $7.14 per barrel for the first nine months of 2009. Additionally, the average 3/2/1 West Coast crack spread for the first nine months of 2010 was $13.65 per barrel compared to $15.74 per barrel for the first nine months of 2009.

Asphalt margins in the first nine months of 2010 increased to $50.54 per ton compared to $45.55 per ton in the first nine months of 2009. On a cash basis, asphalt margins in the first nine months of 2010 were $54.58 per ton compared to $78.41 per ton in the first nine months of 2009. This decrease was due primarily to higher crude oil costs. The average blended asphalt sales price increased 18.1% from $404.39 per ton in the first nine months of 2009 to $477.68 per ton in the first nine months of 2010 and the average non-blended asphalt sales price increased 120.4% from $158.49 per ton in the first nine months of 2009 to $349.29 per ton in the first nine months of 2010. The price for WTI crude increased 35.9%, from $57.03 per barrel in the first nine months of 2009 to $77.50 per barrel in the first nine months of 2010.

In our retail and branded marketing segment, retail fuel sales gallons increased by 17.6% from 89.3 million gallons in the first nine months of 2009 to 104.9 million gallons in the first nine months of 2010. Our branded fuel sales increased by 12.2% from 204.9 million gallons in the first nine months of 2009 to 230.0 million gallons in the first nine months of 2010. Adjusted EBITDA for our retail and branded marketing segment was $24.4 million for the first nine months of 2010 compared to $18.7 million for the same period in 2009.

Alon also announced today that its Board of Directors has approved the regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.04 per share. The dividend is payable on December 15, 2010 to stockholders of record at the close of business on November 30, 2010.

CONFERENCE CALL

Alon has scheduled a conference call for Friday, November 5, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern, to discuss the third quarter 2010 results. To access the call, please dial 877-941-2332, or 480-629-9722, for international callers, and ask for the Alon USA Energy call at least 10 minutes prior to the start time. Investors may also listen to the conference live on the Alon corporate website, http://www.alonusa.com, by logging onto that site and clicking “Investors”. A telephonic replay of the conference call will be available through November 19, 2010, and may be accessed by calling 800-406-7325, or 303-590-3030, for international callers, and using the passcode 4370018#. A web cast archive will also be available at http://www.alonusa.com shortly after the call and will be accessible for approximately 90 days. For more information, please contact Donna Washburn at DRG&L at 713-529-6600 or email dmw@drg-l.com.

Alon USA Energy, Inc., headquartered in Dallas, Texas, is an independent refiner and marketer of petroleum products, operating primarily in the South Central, Southwestern and Western regions of the United States. The Company owns four crude oil refineries in Texas, California, Louisiana and Oregon, with an aggregate crude oil throughput capacity of approximately 250,000 barrels per day. Alon is a leading producer of asphalt, which it markets through its asphalt terminals predominately in the Western United States. Alon is the largest 7-Eleven licensee in the United States and operates more than 300 convenience stores in Texas and New Mexico. Alon markets motor fuel products under the FINA brand at these locations and at approximately 640 distributor-serviced locations.

Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations regarding future events, results or outcomes. These expectations may or may not be realized. Some of these expectations may be based upon assumptions or judgments that prove to be incorrect. In addition, our business and operations involve numerous risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, which could result in our expectations not being realized or otherwise materially affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Additional information regarding these and other risks is contained in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of offers to buy any security and shall not constitute an offer, solicitation or sale of any security in any jurisdiction in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful.


    Contacts:       Amir Barash, Vice President -IR
                    Alon USA Energy, Inc.
                    972-367-3808

                    Investors:  Jack Lascar/Sheila Stuewe
                    DRG(&)L / 713-529-6600
                    Media:  Blake Lewis
                    Lewis Public Relations
                    214-635-3020
                    Ruth Sheetrit
                    SMG Public Relations
                    011-972-547-555551

-Tables to follow-


                 ALON USA ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED
                                     EARNINGS RELEASE

    RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - FINANCIAL DATA
    (ALL INFORMATION IN THIS PRESS RELEASE
    , EXCEPT FOR BALANCE SHEET DATA AS
    OF DECEMBER 31, 2009 IS UNAUDITED)

                                     For the Three          For the Nine
                                      Months Ended           Months Ended
                                      September 30,          September 30,
                                      -------------          -------------
                                   2010        2009        2010        2009
                                    ---         ---         ---         ---
                                    (dollars in               (dollars in
                                  thousands, except         thousands, except
                                   per share data)           per share data)
    STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
     DATA:
    Net sales
     (1)                       $1,248,569  $1,253,113  $2,668,243  $3,081,691
    Operating costs and
     expenses:
      Cost of
       sales                    1,153,743   1,165,295   2,443,533   2,693,343
      Direct
       operating
       expenses                    68,448      64,091     192,816     204,300
      Selling,
       general and
       administrative
       expenses
       (2)                         35,012      32,276      96,001      95,772
      Depreciation
       and
       amortization
       (3)                         26,781      25,247      78,471      70,898
                                   ------      ------      ------      ------
        Total
         operating
         costs and
         expenses               1,283,984   1,286,909   2,810,821   3,064,313
                                ---------   ---------   ---------   ---------
    Gain (loss)
     on
     disposition
     of assets                          -        (547)        474      (2,147)
                                      ---        ----         ---      ------
    Operating
     income
     (loss)                       (35,415)    (34,343)   (142,104)     15,231
    Interest
     expense (4)                  (24,091)    (21,460)    (72,411)    (70,739)
    Equity
     earnings of
     investees                      3,864      12,811       4,970      21,184
    Gain on
     bargain
     purchase
     (5)                           17,480           -      17,480           -
    Other income
     (loss), net
     (6)                             (494)       (180)     13,345         268
                                     ----        ----      ------         ---
    Loss before
     income tax
     benefit,
     non-
     controlling
     interest in
     loss of
     subsidiaries
     and
     accumulated
     dividends
     on
     preferred
     stock of
     subsidiary                   (38,656)    (43,172)   (178,720)    (34,056)
    Income tax
     benefit                      (21,905)    (16,452)    (73,711)    (13,006)
                                  -------     -------     -------     -------
    Loss before
     non-
     controlling
     interest in
     loss of
     subsidiaries
     and
     accumulated
     dividends
     on
     preferred
     stock of
     subsidiary                   (16,751)    (26,720)   (105,009)    (21,050)
    Non-
     controlling
     interest in
     loss of
     subsidiaries                  (1,167)     (2,312)     (7,224)     (2,953)
    Accumulated
     dividends
     on
     preferred
     stock of
     subsidiary                         -       2,150           -       6,450
                                      ---       -----         ---       -----
    Net loss
     available
     to common
     stockholders                $(15,584)   $(26,558)   $(97,785)   $(24,547)
                                 ========    ========    ========    ========
    Loss per
     share,
     basic                         $(0.29)     $(0.57)     $(1.80)     $(0.52)
                                   ======      ======      ======      ======
    Weighted
     average
     shares
     outstanding,
     basic (in
     thousands)                    54,181      46,810      54,177      46,808
                                   ======      ======      ======      ======
    Loss per
     share,
     diluted                       $(0.29)     $(0.57)     $(1.80)     $(0.52)
                                   ======      ======      ======      ======
    Weighted
     average
     shares
     outstanding,
     diluted (in
     thousands)                    54,181      46,810      54,177      46,808
                                   ======      ======      ======      ======

    Cash
     dividends
     per share                      $0.04       $0.04       $0.12       $0.12
                                    =====       =====       =====       =====
    CASH FLOW DATA: (7)
    Net cash provided by
     (used in):
      Operating
       activities                 $24,285     $28,168    $(37,275)   $325,132
      Investing
       activities                 (11,162)    (48,891)    (15,218)    (93,605)
      Financing
       activities                  18,799      (4,676)     51,691    (231,903)
    OTHER DATA:
    Adjusted net
     loss
     available
     to common
     stockholders
     (8)                         $(31,837)   $(24,280)  $(110,448)   $(17,307)
    Loss per
     share,
     excluding
     write-off
     of
     unamortized
     debt
     issuance
     costs, net
     of tax,
     (gain) loss
     on
     disposition
     of assets,
     net of tax,
     gain on
     bargain
     purchase
     and
     accumulated
     dividends
     on
     preferred
     stock of
     subsidiary
     (8)                           $(0.59)     $(0.52)     $(2.04)     $(0.37)
    Adjusted
     EBITDA (9)                    (5,264)      4,082     (45,792)    109,728
    Capital
     expenditures
     (10)                           7,838      22,888      20,526      52,132
    Capital
     expenditures
     to rebuild
     the Big
     Spring
     refinery                           -       5,791           -      45,072
    Capital
     expenditures
     for
     turnaround
     and
     chemical
     catalyst                       1,137       2,691      12,668      13,005

                                                         September   December
                                                             30,          31,
                                                             2010        2009
                                                             ----        ----
    BALANCE SHEET DATA (end of
     period):
    Cash and cash equivalents                             $39,635     $40,437
    Working capital                                         5,593      84,257
    Total assets                                        2,175,564   2,132,789
    Total debt                                            953,523     937,024
    Total equity                                          331,464     431,918


    REFINING AND UNBRANDED MARKETING
    SEGMENT
                                For the Three           For the Nine
                                 Months Ended          Months Ended
                                 September 30,         September 30,
                                 -------------         -------------
                              2010        2009        2010        2009
                              ----        ----        ----        ----
                            (dollars in thousands, except per barrel data
                                         and pricing statistics)

    STATEMENTS OF
     OPERATIONS DATA:
    Net sales (11)          $1,056,478  $1,058,517  $2,230,849  $2,652,917
    Operating costs and
     expenses:
      Cost of sales          1,022,950   1,038,134   2,138,284   2,397,016
      Direct operating
       expenses                 57,711      51,286     159,556     171,295
      Selling, general
       and administrative
       expenses                  7,103       6,934      17,365      21,500
      Depreciation and
       amortization             21,315      19,943      62,150      55,120
                                ------      ------      ------      ------
        Total operating
         costs and expenses  1,109,079   1,116,297   2,377,355   2,644,931
                             ---------   ---------   ---------   ---------
    Loss on disposition
     of assets                       -           -           -      (1,600)
                                   ---         ---         ---      ------
    Operating income
     (loss)                   $(52,601)   $(57,780)  $(146,506)     $6,386
                              ========    ========   =========      ======

    KEY OPERATING
     STATISTICS:
    Total sales volume
     (bpd)                     129,194     127,580      78,639     127,460
    Per barrel of
     throughput:
      Refinery operating
       margin - Big
       Spring (12)               $5.04       $1.34       $6.39       $6.32
      Refinery operating
       margin - CA
       Refineries (12)            0.17       (0.55)       0.92        2.41
      Refinery operating
       margin - Krotz
       Springs (12)               1.00        2.45        0.44        6.64
      Refinery direct
       operating expense
       - Big Spring (13)          4.66        4.11        5.58        4.13
      Refinery direct
       operating expense
       - CA Refineries
       (13)                       6.86        3.85        7.66        4.37
      Refinery direct
       operating expense
       - Krotz Springs
       (13)                       3.39        2.75        5.82        3.77
    Capital
     expenditures                4,707      19,859      15,234      46,182
    Capital
     expenditures to
     rebuild the Big
     Spring refinery                 -       5,791           -      45,072
    Capital
     expenditures for
     turnaround and
     chemical catalyst           1,137       2,691      12,668      13,005

    PRICING STATISTICS:
    WTI crude oil (per
     barrel)                    $76.05      $68.17      $77.50      $57.03
    WTS crude oil (per
     barrel)                     73.89       66.49       75.55       55.69
    MAYA crude oil (per
     barrel)                     67.50       63.20       68.45       51.98
    HLS crude oil (per
     barrel)                     78.18       69.76       79.41       58.71
    LLS crude oil (per
     barrel)                     79.63       70.43       80.58       59.87
    Crack spreads
     (3/2/1) (per
     barrel):
      Gulf Coast (14)            $7.76       $6.52       $8.20       $8.14
      Group III (14)             10.53        8.01        9.60        9.02
      West Coast (14)            15.30       14.85       13.65       15.74
    Crack spreads
     (6/1/2/3) (per
     barrel):
      West Coast (14)            $4.68       $5.39       $3.66       $4.73
    Crack spreads
     (2/1/1) (per
     barrel):
      Gulf Coast high
       sulfur diesel (14)        $7.02       $5.36       $7.40       $7.14
    Crude oil
     differentials (per
     barrel):
      WTI less WTS (15)          $2.16       $1.68       $1.95       $1.34
      WTI less MAYA (15)          8.55        4.97        9.05        5.05
      HLS/LLS less WTI
       (15)                       2.86        1.93        2.50        2.26
    Product price
     (dollars per
     gallon):
      Gulf Coast unleaded
       gasoline                 $1.950      $1.773      $2.014      $1.545
      Gulf Coast ultra-
       low sulfur diesel         2.086       1.789       2.094       1.565
      Gulf Coast high
       sulfur diesel             2.006       1.728       2.029       1.510
      Group III unleaded
       gasoline                  2.031       1.814       2.056       1.575
      Group III ultra-
       low sulfur diesel         2.123       1.814       2.110       1.567
      West Coast LA
       CARBOB (unleaded
       gasoline)                 2.183       2.042       2.183       1.798
      West Coast LA
       ultra-low sulfur
       diesel                    2.160       1.847       2.144       1.602
      Natural gas (per
       MMBTU)                     4.23        3.44        4.52        3.90


    THROUGHPUT AND YIELD            For the Three Months Ended
    DATA:                                  September 30,
    BIG SPRING                             -------------
                                           2010              2009
                                           ----              ----
                                 bpd       %       bpd       %
    Refinery throughput:
      Sour crude                42,680     80.4   44,924     71.9
      Sweet crude                7,938     15.0   15,521     24.8
      Blendstocks                2,442      4.6    2,055      3.3
                                 -----      ---    -----      ---
    Total refinery throughput
     (16)                       53,060    100.0   62,500    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery production:
      Gasoline                  25,937     49.2   27,366     44.1
      Diesel/jet                17,772     33.7   19,690     31.8
      Asphalt                    3,193      6.1    5,830      9.4
      Petrochemicals             3,382      6.4    3,340      5.4
      Other                      2,419      4.6    5,790      9.3
                                 -----      ---    -----      ---
    Total refinery production
     (17)                       52,703    100.0   62,016    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery utilization (18)              72.3%             86.3%


    THROUGHPUT AND YIELD             For the Nine Months Ended
    DATA:                                  September 30,
    BIG SPRING                             -------------
                                           2010              2009
                                           ----              ----
                                 bpd       %       bpd       %
    Refinery throughput:
      Sour crude                36,836     79.7   50,345     80.0
      Sweet crude                7,021     15.1   10,411     16.5
      Blendstocks                2,387      5.2    2,177      3.5
                                 -----      ---    -----      ---
    Total refinery throughput
     (16)                       46,244    100.0   62,933    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery production:
      Gasoline                  23,096     50.5   27,424     43.8
      Diesel/jet                14,738     32.2   20,477     32.7
      Asphalt                    2,636      5.8    5,879      9.4
      Petrochemicals             2,664      5.8    3,286      5.3
      Other                      2,620      5.7    5,524      8.8
                                 -----      ---    -----      ---
    Total refinery production
     (17)                       45,754    100.0   62,590    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery utilization (18)              64.6%             86.8%


    THROUGHPUT AND YIELD            For the Three Months Ended
    DATA:                                  September 30,
    CALIFORNIA REFINERIES                  -------------
                                           2010              2009
                                           ----              ----
                                 bpd       %       bpd       %
    Refinery throughput:
      Medium sour crude          4,635     22.0   16,073     45.3
      Heavy crude               15,886     75.6   18,937     53.4
      Blendstocks                  514      2.4      460      1.3
                                   ---      ---      ---      ---
    Total refinery throughput
     (16)                       21,035    100.0   35,470    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery production:
      Gasoline                   3,401     16.6    5,456     15.8
      Diesel/jet                 4,758     23.3    8,434     24.5
      Asphalt                    6,974     34.1   10,441     30.3
      Light unfinished               -        -        -        -
      Heavy unfinished           4,831     23.6    9,546     27.7
      Other                        498      2.4      585      1.7
                                   ---      ---      ---      ---
    Total refinery production
     (17)                       20,462    100.0   34,462    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery utilization (18)              28.3%             48.3%


    THROUGHPUT AND YIELD             For the Nine Months Ended
    DATA:                                  September 30,
    CALIFORNIA REFINERIES                  -------------
                                           2010              2009
                                           ----              ----
                                 bpd       %       bpd       %
    Refinery throughput:
      Medium sour crude          4,065     20.7   16,164     46.6
      Heavy crude               15,082     77.0   18,259     52.6
      Blendstocks                  443      2.3      288      0.8
                                   ---      ---      ---      ---
    Total refinery throughput
     (16)                       19,590    100.0   34,711    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery production:
      Gasoline                   2,888     15.2    5,189     15.3
      Diesel/jet                 4,067     21.4    8,037     23.7
      Asphalt                    6,554     34.3   10,215     30.2
      Light unfinished               -        -      467      1.4
      Heavy unfinished           5,099     26.8    9,409     27.8
      Other                        439      2.3      551      1.6
                                   ---      ---      ---      ---
    Total refinery production
     (17)                       19,047    100.0   33,868    100.0
                                ======    =====   ======    =====
    Refinery utilization (18)              26.4%             53.1%


    THROUGHPUT AND YIELD           For the Three Months Ended
    DATA:                                 September 30,
    KROTZ SPRINGS (A)                     -------------
                                           2010            2009
                                           ----            ----
                                 bpd       %       bpd      %
    Refinery throughput:
      Light sweet crude         38,597     60.1   30,741   51.5
      Heavy sweet crude         23,854     37.2   27,547   46.2
      Blendstocks                1,707      2.7    1,402    2.3
                                 -----      ---    -----    ---
    Total refinery throughput
     (16)                       64,158    100.0   59,690  100.0
                                ======    =====   ======  =====
    Refinery production:
      Gasoline                  26,442     40.9   27,441   45.4
      Diesel/jet                31,383     48.5   26,855   44.5
      Heavy oils                 1,487      2.3    1,205    2.0
      Other                      5,368      8.3    4,865    8.1
                                 -----      ---    -----    ---
    Total refinery production
     (17)                       64,680    100.0   60,366  100.0
                                ======    =====   ======  =====
    Refinery utilization (18)              75.2%           70.1%


    THROUGHPUT AND YIELD           For the Nine Months Ended
    DATA:                                September 30,
    KROTZ SPRINGS (A)                    -------------
                                         2010            2009
                                         ----            ----
                                 bpd      %      bpd      %
    Refinery throughput:
      Light sweet crude         16,460   56.9   28,755   50.2
      Heavy sweet crude         11,603   40.1   24,691   43.1
      Blendstocks                  878    3.0    3,862    6.7
                                   ---    ---    -----    ---
    Total refinery throughput
     (16)                       28,941  100.0   57,308  100.0
                                ======  =====   ======  =====
    Refinery production:
      Gasoline                  11,720   40.3   26,628   45.8
      Diesel/jet                13,609   46.9   25,288   43.4
      Heavy oils                 1,437    4.9    1,151    2.0
      Other                      2,304    7.9    5,090    8.8
                                 -----    ---    -----    ---
    Total refinery production
     (17)                       29,070  100.0   58,157  100.0
                                ======  =====   ======  =====
    Refinery utilization (18)            33.8%           64.3%

    (A)  The throughput data for the nine months ended September 30,
    2010, reflects substantially four months of operations beginning in
    June 2010 due to the restart of the Krotz Springs refinery after
    major turnaround activity.


                              For the Three Months      For the Nine Months
    ASPHALT SEGMENT                  Ended                     Ended
                                 September 30,             September 30,
                                 -------------             -------------
                                 2010        2009        2010        2009
                                 ----        ----        ----        ----
                              (dollars in thousands, except per ton data)
    STATEMENTS OF
     OPERATIONS DATA:
    Net sales                $144,610    $175,189    $316,715    $351,429
    Operating costs and
     expenses:
      Cost of sales (19)      120,791     139,751     282,500     307,881
      Direct operating
       expenses                10,737      12,805      33,260      33,005
      Selling, general and
       administrative
       expenses                 2,404       1,267       4,561       3,471
      Depreciation and
       amortization             1,716       1,700       5,148       5,099
                                -----       -----       -----       -----
         Total operating
          costs and expenses  135,648     155,523     325,469     349,456
                              -------     -------     -------     -------
    Operating income
     (loss)                    $8,962     $19,666     $(8,754)     $1,973
                               ======     =======     =======      ======

    KEY OPERATING
     STATISTICS:
    Blended asphalt
     sales volume (tons
     in thousands) (20)           289         367         625         813
    Non-blended asphalt
     sales volume (tons
     in thousands) (21)            18          60          52         143
    Blended asphalt
     sales price per ton
     (20)                     $478.65     $446.26     $477.68     $404.39
    Non-blended asphalt
     sales price per ton
     (21)                      348.89      190.23      349.29      158.49
    Asphalt margin per
     ton (22)                   77.59       82.99       50.54       45.55
    Capital expenditures         $465        $523        $991      $1,099


    RETAIL AND BRANDED         For the Three Months      For the Nine Months
     MARKETING SEGMENT                Ended                     Ended
                                  September 30,             September 30,
                                  -------------             -------------
                                  2010        2009        2010        2009
                                  ----        ----        ----        ----
                                 (dollars in thousands, except per gallon
                                                  data)
    STATEMENTS OF
     OPERATIONS DATA:
    Net sales                 $273,481    $217,232    $753,464    $591,163
    Operating costs and
     expenses:
      Cost of sales (19)       236,002     185,235     655,534     502,264
      Selling, general and
       administrative
       expenses                 25,317      23,886      73,511      70,232
      Depreciation and
       amortization              3,353       3,399      10,209      10,179
                                 -----       -----      ------      ------
        Total operating costs
         and expenses          264,672     212,520     739,254     582,675
                               -------     -------     -------     -------
    Gain (loss) on
     disposition of
     assets                          -        (547)        474        (547)
                                   ---        ----         ---        ----
    Operating income            $8,809      $4,165     $14,684      $7,941
                                ======      ======     =======      ======

    KEY OPERATING
     STATISTICS:
    Branded fuel sales
     (thousands of
     gallons) (23)              84,711      68,280     230,031     204,929
    Branded fuel margin
     (cents per gallon)
     (23)                          8.9         9.6         6.7         5.6

    Number of stores (end
     of period)                    306         305         306         305
    Retail fuel sales
     (thousands of
     gallons)                   36,759      30,915     104,881      89,296
    Retail fuel sales
     (thousands of
     gallons per site per
     month)                         40          34          38          33
    Retail fuel margin
     (cents per gallon)
     (24)                         13.4         9.7        12.3        15.0
    Retail fuel sales
     price (dollars per
     gallon) (25)                $2.67       $2.48       $2.68       $2.22
    Merchandise sales          $74,932     $69,413    $211,660    $202,675
    Merchandise sales
     (per site per month)           82          76          77          74
    Merchandise margin
     (26)                         32.2%       31.4%       31.7%       30.9%
    Capital expenditures        $1,322        $751      $2,149      $1,864

(1) Includes excise taxes on sales by the retail and branded marketing segment of $14,204 and $12,073 for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $40,521 and $34,887 for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Net sales also include royalty and related net credit card fees of $873 and $744 for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $2,692 and $1,661 for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

(2) Includes corporate headquarters selling, general and administrative expenses of $188 and $189 for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $564 and $569 for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, which are not allocated to our three operating segments.

(3) Includes corporate depreciation and amortization of $397 and $205 for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $964 and $500 for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, which are not allocated to our three operating segments.

(4) Interest expense of $72,411 for the nine months ended September 30, 2010, includes a charge of $6,659 for the write-off of debt issuance costs associated with our prepayment of the Alon Refining Krotz Springs, Inc. revolving credit facility. Interest expense of $70,739 for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, includes $5,715 related to the unwind of the heating oil crack spread hedge.

(5) In connection with the Bakersfield refinery acquisition, the acquisition date fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired exceeded the fair value of the consideration transferred, resulting in a $17,480 bargain purchase gain.

(6) Other income (loss), net for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 substantially represents the gain from the sale of our investment in Holly Energy Partners.

(7) Cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 includes proceeds from the liquidation of the heating oil crack spread hedge of $133,581 and proceeds from the receipt of income tax receivables of $112,952. Cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 includes repayments on long-term debt and revolving credit facilities of $218,472 sourced primarily from the liquidation proceeds from the heating oil crack spread hedge and proceeds from the receipt of income tax receivables.

(8) The following table provides a reconciliation of net loss available to common stockholders under United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) to adjusted net loss available to common stockholders utilized in determining loss per common share, excluding the after-tax loss on write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs, after-tax gain (loss) on disposition of assets, gain on bargain purchase and accumulated dividends on preferred stock of subsidiary. Our management believes that the presentation of adjusted net loss available to common stockholders and loss per common share, excluding these items, is useful to investors because it provides a more meaningful measurement for evaluation of our Company’s operating results.


                                   For the Three            For the Nine
                                    Months Ended            Months Ended
                                   September 30,           September 30,
                                   -------------           -------------
                                   2010       2009        2010       2009
                                   ----       ----        ----       ----
                                      (dollars in thousands, except
                                           earnings per share)
    Net loss available to
     common stockholders       $(15,584)  $(26,558)   $(97,785)  $(24,547)
       Plus:  Loss on
        disposition of assets,
        net of tax                    -        282           -      1,251
       Plus:  Accumulated
        dividends on preferred
        stock of subsidiary           -      1,996           -      5,989
       Plus:  Write-off of
        unamortized debt
        issuance costs, net of
        tax                           -          -       3,865          -
       Less:  Gain on bargain
        purchase                (16,253)         -     (16,253)         -
       Less:  Gain on
        disposition of assets,
        net of tax                    -          -        (275)         -
                                    ---        ---        ----        ---
    Adjusted net loss
     available to common
     stockholders              $(31,837)  $(24,280)  $(110,448)  $(17,307)
                               ========   ========   =========   ========

    Weighted average shares
     outstanding (in
     thousands)                  54,181     46,810      54,177     46,808
                                 ======     ======      ======     ======
    Loss per share,
     excluding write-off
     of unamortized debt
     issuance costs, net of
     tax, gain (loss) on
     disposition of assets,
     net of tax, gain on
     bargain purchase and
     accumulated dividends
     on preferred stock of
     subsidiary                  $(0.59)    $(0.52)     $(2.04)    $(0.37)
                                 ======     ======      ======     ======

(9) Adjusted EBITDA represents earnings before non-controlling interest in income of subsidiaries, income tax expense, interest expense, depreciation and amortization, gain on bargain purchase and gain on disposition of assets. Adjusted EBITDA is not a recognized measurement under GAAP; however, the amounts included in Adjusted EBITDA are derived from amounts included in our consolidated financial statements. Our management believes that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors because it is frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in our industry. In addition, our management believes that Adjusted EBITDA is useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry because the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA generally eliminates the effects of non-controlling interest in income of subsidiaries, income tax expense, interest expense, gain on disposition of assets, gain on bargain purchase and the accounting effects of capital expenditures and acquisitions, items that may vary for different companies for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance.

Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the prior claim that non-controlling interest have on the income generated by non-wholly-owned subsidiaries;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in or cash requirements for our working capital needs; and
  • Our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may differ from EBITDA calculations of other companies in our industry, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered a measure of discretionary cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using Adjusted EBITDA only supplementally.

The following table reconciles net loss available to common stockholders to Adjusted EBITDA for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively:


                                 For the Three        For the Nine Months
                                  Months Ended               Ended
                                 September 30,           September 30,
                                 -------------           -------------
                                 2010       2009       2010       2009
                                 ----       ----       ----       ----
                                       (dollars in thousands)
    Net loss available to
     common stockholders     $(15,584)  $(26,558)  $(97,785)  $(24,547)
    Non-controlling
     interest in loss of
     subsidiaries (including
     accumulated dividends
     on preferred stock of
     subsidiary)               (1,167)      (162)    (7,224)     3,497
    Income tax benefit        (21,905)   (16,452)   (73,711)   (13,006)
    Interest expense           24,091     21,460     72,411     70,739
    Depreciation and
     amortization              26,781     25,247     78,471     70,898
    (Gain) on bargain
     purchase                 (17,480)         -    (17,480)         -
    (Gain) loss on
     disposition of assets          -        547       (474)     2,147
                                  ---        ---       ----      -----
    Adjusted EBITDA           $(5,264)    $4,082   $(45,792)  $109,728
                              =======     ======   ========   ========

Adjusted EBITDA for our asphalt segment and our retail and branded marketing segment is useful to investors because it is frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in our industry but is also subject to many of the limitations discussed above; therefore Adjusted EBITDA for our asphalt segment and our retail and branded marketing segment should not be considered a measure of discretionary cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using Adjusted EBITDA only supplementally. The following table reconciles operating income to Adjusted EBITDA for our asphalt segment and our retail and branded marketing segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively:


                                     For the Three        For the Nine Months
    ASPHALT SEGMENT                   Months Ended               Ended
                                     September 30,           September 30,
                                     -------------           -------------
                                     2010       2009       2010       2009
                                     ----       ----       ----       ----
                                           (dollars in thousands)
    Operating income (loss)        $8,962    $19,666    $(8,754)    $1,973
    Depreciation and amortization   1,716      1,700      5,148      5,099
                                    -----      -----      -----      -----
    Adjusted EBITDA               $10,678    $21,366    $(3,606)    $7,072
                                  =======    =======    =======     ======


    RETAIL AND BRANDED MARKETING     For the Three        For the Nine Months
     SEGMENT                          Months Ended               Ended
                                     September 30,           September 30,
                                     -------------           -------------
                                     2010       2009       2010       2009
                                     ----       ----       ----       ----
                                           (dollars in thousands)
    Operating income               $8,809     $4,165    $14,684     $7,941
    Depreciation and amortization   3,353      3,399     10,209     10,179
    (Gain) loss on disposition of
     assets                             -        547       (474)       547
                                      ---        ---       ----        ---
    Adjusted EBITDA               $12,162     $8,111    $24,419    $18,667
                                  =======     ======    =======    =======

(10) Includes corporate capital expenditures of $1,344 and $1,755 for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $2,152 and $2,987 for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, which are not allocated to our three operating segments.

(11) Net sales include intersegment sales to our asphalt and retail and branded marketing segments at prices which approximate wholesale market prices. These intersegment sales are eliminated through consolidation of our financial statements.

(12) Refinery operating margin is a per barrel measurement calculated by dividing the margin between net sales and cost of sales (exclusive of substantial unrealized hedge positions and inventory adjustments related to acquisitions) attributable to each refinery by the refinery’s throughput volumes. Industry-wide refining results are driven and measured by the margins between refined product prices and the prices for crude oil, which are referred to as crack spreads. We compare our refinery operating margins to these crack spreads to assess our operating performance relative to other participants in our industry.

The refinery operating margin for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, excludes a benefit of $2,990 and $4,515 to cost of sales for inventory adjustments related to the Bakersfield refinery acquisition. There were unrealized hedging gains of $1,019 for the Big Spring refinery for the three months ended September 30, 2009. There were unrealized hedging losses of $108 and $322 for the California refineries for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively. There were unrealized hedging losses of $169 and $722 for the Krotz Springs refinery for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively. Also, there was an unrealized gain of $20,369 for the Krotz Springs refinery for the nine months ended September 30, 2009. Additionally, the Krotz Springs refinery margin for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 excludes realized gains related to the unwind of the heating oil crack spread hedge of $139,290.

(13) Refinery direct operating expense is a per barrel measurement calculated by dividing direct operating expenses at our Big Spring, California and Krotz Springs refineries, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, by the applicable refinery’s total throughput volumes. Direct operating expenses related to the Bakersfield refinery of $1,712 and $2,122 have been excluded from the per barrel measurement calculation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010.

(14) A 3/2/1 crack spread in a given region is calculated assuming that three barrels of a benchmark crude oil are converted, or cracked, into two barrels of gasoline and one barrel of diesel. We calculate the Gulf Coast 3/2/1 crack spread using the market values of Gulf Coast conventional gasoline and ultra low-sulfur diesel and the market value of West Texas Intermediate, or WTI, a light sweet crude oil. We calculate the Group III 3/2/1 crack spread using the market values of Group III conventional gasoline and ultra low-sulfur diesel and the market value of WTI crude oil. We calculate the West Coast 3/2/1 crack spread using the market values of West Coast LA CARBOB pipeline gasoline and LA ultra low-sulfur pipeline diesel and the market value of WTI crude oil. A 6/1/2/3 crack spread is calculated assuming that six barrels of a benchmark crude oil are converted, or cracked, into one barrel of gasoline, two barrels of diesel and three barrels of fuel oil. We calculate the West Coast 6/1/2/3 crack spread using the market values of West Coast LA CARBOB pipeline gasoline, LA ultra low-sulfur pipeline diesel, LA 380 pipeline CST (fuel oil) and the market value of WTI crude oil. We calculate the Gulf Coast 2/1/1 crack spread using the market values of Gulf Coast conventional gasoline and high sulfur diesel and the market value of WTI crude oil.

(15) The WTI/WTS, or sweet/sour, spread represents the differential between the average value per barrel of WTI crude oil and the average value per barrel of WTS crude oil. The WTI/Maya, or light/heavy, spread represents the differential between the average value per barrel of WTI crude oil and the average value per barrel of Maya crude oil. The HLS/LLS less WTI spread represents the differential between the average value per barrel of HLS and LLS crude oil and the average value per barrel of WTI.

(16) Total refinery throughput represents the total barrels per day of crude oil and blendstock inputs in the refinery production process.

(17) Total refinery production represents the barrels per day of various products produced from processing crude and other refinery feedstocks through the crude units and other conversion units at the refinery.

(18) Refinery utilization represents average daily crude oil throughput divided by crude oil capacity, excluding planned periods of downtime for maintenance and turnarounds.

(19) Cost of sales includes intersegment purchases of asphalt blends and motor fuels from our refining and unbranded marketing segment at prices which approximate wholesale market prices. These intersegment purchases are eliminated through consolidation of our financial statements.

(20) Blended asphalt represents base asphalt that has been blended with other materials necessary to sell the asphalt as a finished product.

(21) Non-blended asphalt represents base material asphalt and other components that require additional blending before being sold as a finished product.

(22) Asphalt margin is a per ton measurement calculated by dividing the margin between net sales and cost of sales by the total sales volume. Asphalt margins are used in the asphalt industry to measure operating results related to asphalt sales.

(23) Marketing sales volume represents branded fuel sales to our wholesale marketing customers that are primarily supplied by the Big Spring refinery. The branded fuels that are not supplied by the Big Spring refinery are obtained from third-party suppliers. The marketing margin represents the margin between the net sales and cost of sales attributable to our branded fuel sales volume, expressed on a cents-per-gallon basis.

(24) Retail fuel margin represents the difference between motor fuel sales revenue and the net cost of purchased motor fuel, including transportation costs and associated motor fuel taxes, expressed on a cents-per-gallon basis. Motor fuel margins are frequently used in the retail industry to measure operating results related to motor fuel sales.

(25) Retail fuel sales price per gallon represents the average sales price for motor fuels sold through our retail convenience stores.

(26) Merchandise margin represents the difference between merchandise sales revenues and the delivered cost of merchandise purchases, net of rebates and commissions, expressed as a percentage of merchandise sales revenues. Merchandise margins, also referred to as in-store margins, are commonly used in the retail convenience store industry to measure in-store, or non-fuel, operating results.

SOURCE Alon USA Energy, Inc.


Source: newswire