Platts Report: China’s October Oil Demand Climbs 11.8% on Year to 8.95 mil b/d
SINGAPORE, Nov. 19, 2010 /PRNewswire/ — China’s apparent oil demand* in October rose by a strong 11.8% from a year ago to 37.88 million metric tons (mt), or an average of 8.95 million barrels per day (b/d), according to a just-released Platts analysis of official data from the People’s Republic of China.
October demand was 3.1% higher than the September figure of 35.53 million mt.
China’s apparent oil demand in the first ten months of this year total 355.58 million mt, or an average of 8.57 million b/d. This is up 10.4% from the same period of 2009, Platts data showed.
Crude throughput volumes at Chinese refiners spiked to a collective total of 37.04 million mt or 8.76 million b/d on average in October, a historic high, and up 11.3% from a year ago, data from the country’s National Bureau of Statistics showed.
The sharp rise in crude processing contrasted with a significant drop in Chinese crude imports in October, to 16.39 million mt or 3.88 million b/d. This was the lowest monthly import figure to date in 2010 and 15.2% lower than the corresponding month of 2009.
Platts noted in its China Oil Demand press release last month that China’s net crude import and throughput figures for September indicated the country had likely put a little more than 5 million mt of crude into storage. More than 3 million mt of that crude surplus should have been used up in October with crude purchases during that month from overseas being the lowest so far this year while refiners’ processing volumes were the highest.
“An acute shortage of gasoil in China, attributed to a reduction in power supply, has headlined the oil industry in Asia and beyond for the past few weeks. The situation explains the 36% jump in China’s net refined product imports in October from a month ago as well as refiners cranking up output to an all-time high,” said Vandana Hari, Asia editorial director for Platts.
“The power blackout policy adopted by some local governments to meet the country’s pledge to cut energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 20% from 2005 levels by end-2010 is driving up diesel-fired electricity generation and appears set to further boost China’s already strong oil demand growth rates through the end of this year,” Hari added.
Meanwhile, China’s refined product imports declined to 2.72 million mt in October from 2.79 million mt in September, but exports saw a sharper drop of 13.36% month on month to 1.88 million mt, leading to higher net imports.
MONTHLY TRADE DATA IN MILLION METRIC TONS:
Oct'10 Oct'09 %Chg Sep'10 Aug'10 Jul'10 Jun'10 Net crude imports 16.13 18.97 -14.97 22.90 20.65 18.83 22.14 Crude production 17.75 16.26 +9.16 17.19 17.43 17.22 16.88 Apparent demand 37.88 33.89 +11.77 35.53 35.54 35.82 36.74
*Platts calculates China’s apparent or implied oil demand on the basis of crude throughput volumes at the domestic refineries and net oil product imports, as reported by the National Bureau of Statistics and Chinese customs.
The government releases data on imports, exports, domestic crude production and refinery throughput data, but does not give official data on the country’s actual oil consumption figure and oil stockpiles. Official statistics on oil storage are released intermittently.
Platts releases its monthly calculation of China’s apparent demand between the 18th and 26th of every month via press release and via its website. Any use of this information must be appropriately attributed to Platts.
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