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Chloralkali and Soda Ash Demand in China to Boost Salt Market Through 2015

April 19, 2011

LONDON, April 19, 2011 /PRNewswire/ –

– Roskill Information Services

– Salt: Global Industry Markets and Outlook, 2011 (13th Edition)

Over 80% of salt is consumed in four main applications: chloralkali
production, synthetic soda ash production, de-icing and food/food processing.
Growth in world salt consumption during the mid-2000s was led by higher
demand from the chemicals sector, notably in the Asian region but
particularly in China. A rise in Chinese consumption in 2009 offset falls in
the mature western economies due to the global economic downturn, with a
recovery in demand observed in 2010. China now accounts for over 30% of world
salt consumption, putting it ahead of Europe and North America.

Salt production increased by 3%py between 2003 and 2009 to total 262Mt
but showed little or no increase in 2010 due to lower output in the USA,
Australia, Ukraine, India and Indonesia caused by adverse weather conditions.
China contributed to over two-thirds of the growth in output from 2003 to
2009 and surpassed the USA as the world’s largest producer in 2006. Other
major producing countries are India, Germany, Canada and Australia. These
countries are also large exporters of salt.

However, global salt trade accounts for only around 20% of total
production due to its high bulk and low value. Trade in salt is therefore
largely intra-regional, with only Mexico and Australia shipping large volumes
to other regions. A rise in shipments from Africa to Europe in 2010 reflected
a shortage of de-icing salt because of a colder-than-average winter in the
Northern Hemisphere.

Salt production is relatively concentrated among only a few leading
producers. Seven companies, each with capacity over 10Mtpy, account for 40%
of salt production. These include K+S Group, CNSIC, Cargill, Solvay and Dow
Chemical. The last two companies produce salt mainly for captive consumption
in chemicals production. K+S Group’s acquisition of Morton Salt in 2009
almost doubled its total capacity.

Future demand for salt is forecast to rise by 3.3%py between 2009 and
2015, but the high growth rate partly reflects lower consumption in 2009 and
a sharp recovery in 2010. Demand growth between 2010 and 2015 could be closer
to 3%py. Asian consumption of salt, particularly in chemicals in China, will
continue to lead growth and could reach 137Mt, almost half of total forecast
salt demand in 2015. Demand for salt in chloralkali production could increase
by 5%py, or 30Mt, through 2015, while increased soda ash production may add
another 10Mt to demand over the same period.

Projected salt demand of 290Mt in 2015 means production will need to rise
by at least 30Mt over 2010. Planned increases in production capacity through
expansions and new projects have the potential to add more than 30Mtpy to
total capacity by 2015, but the market is forecast to remain tight and any
outages or project delays could affect salt availability.

Salt prices tend to track rises in production costs and have typically
been in the order of 3-4%py. Late 2010 saw higher prices as supply tightened.
Volatility in pricing could remain a feature of the salt market through 2015,
especially if additional capacity and supply fails to keep pace with demand.

Salt: Global industry markets and outlook, 13th edition, 2011 is
available at GBP3000 / US$5000 / EUR4000 from Roskill Information Services
Ltd, 27a Leopold Road, London SW19 7BB, England. Tel: +44(0)20-8944-0066. Fax
+44(0)20-8947-9568 Email: info@roskill.co.uk Web: http://www.roskill.com/salt

Note to editors

The report contains 336 pages, 192 tables and 76 figures. It provides a
detailed review of the industry, with subsections on the activities of the
leading producing companies. It also analyses consumption, trade and prices.

For further information or a review copy of this report, please contact

Robert Baylis (robert@roskill.co.uk). To receive press releases via email,
please contact Prakash Ramachandran (prakash@roskill.co.uk).

    Table of Contents
    1                 Summary

    2                 Introduction and properties of salt

    3                 Mining and processing of salt
    3.1               Solar evaporation
    3.2               Rock salt mining
    3.3               Solution mining
    3.4               Grades of salt
    3.5               Salt additives

    4                 World production of salt
    4.1               World production of salt by region
    4.1.1             Production of salt in Asia
    4.1.2             Production of salt in North America
    4.1.3             Production of salt in Europe
    4.1.4             Production of salt in Central and South America
    4.1.5             Production of salt in Oceania
    4.1.6             Production of salt in the Middle East
    4.1.7             Production of salt in Africa
    4.2               Leading producers of salt
    4.3               Potential expansion in salt production capacity

    5                 Review of salt production in Asia by country
    5.1               Azerbaijan
    5.2               Bangladesh
    5.3               Burma
    5.4               Cambodia
    5.5               China
    5.5.1             Production of salt in China
    5.5.2             Producers of salt in China
    5.5.2.1           China National Salt Industry Corporation
    5.5.2.2           Chongqing Hechuan Salinization
    5.5.2.3           Chongqing Yihua Chemical Industry
    5.5.2.4           Dalian Fuzhou Bay Salt Works
    5.5.2.5           Guangyan Huayuan Salt Manufacture
    5.5.2.6           Huaibei Mining
    5.5.2.7           Hubei Lantian Salt Mine
    5.5.2.8           Hubei Yihua Chemical Industry
    5.5.2.9           Hunan Xiangheng Salt Mine
    5.5.2.10          Jiangsu Huailai Salt & Chemicals
    5.5.2.11          Jiangsu Jingshen Salt Industry
    5.5.2.12          Jiangsu Salt Industry Group
    5.5.2.13          Jiangxi Fuda Salt Mining
    5.5.2.14          Jiangxi Salt Mine
    5.5.2.15          Qingdao Longjing Economic & Trade
    5.5.2.16          Qingdao Tianri Salt
    5.5.2.17          Qinghai Salt Industry
    5.5.2.18          Qinghai Soda Ash
    5.5.2.19          Shandong Caiyangzi Saltworks
    5.5.2.20          Shandong Dadi Salt Chemicals
    5.5.2.21          Shandong Haihua Group
    5.5.2.22          Shandong Lubei Enterprise
    5.5.2.23          Shandong Weifang Longwei Industry
    5.5.2.24          Shandong Yuyuan Group
    5.5.2.25          Shouguang Dongqing Wood
    5.5.2.26          Shouguang City Haoyuan Chemical
    5.5.2.27          Shouguang Weidong Chemical
    5.5.2.28          Sichuan Hebang Salt Chemicals
    5.5.2.29          Sichuan Jiuda Salt Manufacturing
    5.5.2.30          Tangshan Sanyou Group
    5.5.2.31          Tianjin Changlu Haijing Group
    5.5.2.32          Weifang Haijinshe Chemical
    5.5.2.33          Weifang Haitai Salt Chemicals
    5.5.2.34          Xinjiang Zhongtai Chemicals
    5.5.2.35          Yantai Honghai Salt Industry
    5.5.2.36          Yingkou Salt
    5.5.2.37          Yunnan Salt & Salt Chemicals
    5.5.2.38          Yunnan Yipinglang Salt Mine
    5.5.2.39          New projects
    5.6               India
    5.6.1             Production of salt in India
    5.6.2             Trade in salt in India
    5.6.3             Producers of salt in India
    5.6.3.1           Ankur Chemfood Products
    5.6.3.2           Archaen Group
    5.6.3.3           Brilliant Salt Refinery
    5.6.3.4           Century Chemicals
    5.6.3.5           Chemplast Sanmar
    5.6.3.6           Chirai Salt Works
    5.6.3.7           Chowgule & Co (Salt)
    5.6.3.8           DCW
    5.6.3.9           Friends Salt Works
    5.6.3.10          G. Das
    5.6.3.11          GHCL
    5.6.3.12          Hindustan Salts
    5.6.3.13          Hindustan Unilever
    5.6.3.14          Humma Binchanapalli Salt Complex
    5.6.3.15          Jaydeep Chemical
    5.6.3.16          Krishna Salt
    5.6.3.17          Kutch Salt & Allied Industries
    5.6.3.18          Naveen Utsah Sahakari Samiti
    5.6.3.19          Nirma
    5.6.3.20          Rajkumar Group
    5.6.3.21          Saboo Sodium Chloro
    5.6.3.22          Solaris ChemTech
    5.6.3.23          Sri Balamurugan Salt
    5.6.3.24          Super Salts
    5.6.3.25          Tamil Nadu Salt
    5.6.3.26          Tata Chemicals
    5.6.3.27          Tuticorin Alkali Chemicals & Fertilizers
    5.6.3.28          United Enterprises
    5.6.3.29          Other producers
    5.7               Indonesia
    5.7.1             Production of salt in Indonesia
    5.7.2             Producers of salt in Indonesia
    5.7.2.1           PT Cheetham Garam
    5.7.2.2           PT Garam
    5.7.2.3           PT Susanti Megah
    5.8               Japan
    5.8.1             Suppliers of salt in Japan
    5.8.1.1           Diamond Salt
    5.8.1.2           Mitsubishi Chemicals
    5.8.1.3           Mitsui
    5.8.1.4           Naikai Salt Industry
    5.8.1.5           Nihon Kaisui
    5.8.1.6           Tokuyama Soda
    5.9               Kazakhstan
    5.1               North Korea
    5.11              South Korea
    5.12              Kyrgyzstan
    5.13              Laos
    5.14              Mongolia
    5.15              Pakistan
    5.15.1            Producers of salt in Pakistan
    5.15.1.1          Al-AMIN Salt Refinery
    5.15.1.2          Himalaya Crystal Salt
    5.15.1.3          Hub-Pak Salt Refinery
    5.15.1.4          PMDC
    5.16              Philippines
    5.17              Sri Lanka
    5.17.1            Producers of salt in Sri Lanka
    5.17.1.1          Lanka Salt
    5.17.1.2          Manthai Salt
    5.17.1.3          Raigam Group
    5.18              Taiwan
    5.19              Tajikistan
    5.2               Thailand
    5.20.1            Pimai Salt
    5.21              Turkmenistan
    5.22              Uzbekistan
    5.23              Vietnam
    5.23.1            Producers of salt in Vietnam
    6                 Review of salt production in North America by country
    6.1               Canada
    6.1.1             Occurrence of salt in Canada
    6.1.2             Production of salt in Canada
    6.1.3             Producers of salt in Canada
    6.1.3.1           Agrium
    6.1.3.2           The Canadian Salt Company
    6.1.3.3           Canexus
    6.1.3.4           ERCO Worldwide
    6.1.3.5           Junex
    6.1.3.6           NSC Minerals
    6.1.3.7           Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan
    6.1.3.8           Sifto Canada
    6.1.3.9           The Mosaic Company
    6.2               Mexico
    6.2.1             Producers of salt in Mexico
    6.2.1.1           Comercial Salinera de Yucatan
    6.2.1.2           Cooperativa de Salineros de Colima
    6.2.1.3           Exportadora de Sal
    6.2.1.4           Grupo Salina de Lobos
    6.2.1.5           Industria del Alcali
    6.2.1.6           Mexichem Salinera del Sur
    6.2.1.7           Sales del Istmo
    6.3               USA
    6.3.1             Production of salt in the USA
    6.3.2             Trade in salt in the USA
    6.3.3             Producers of salt in the USA
    6.3.3.1           American Rock Salt
    6.3.3.2           Cargill Salt
    6.3.3.3           Central Salt
    6.3.3.4           Compass Minerals
    6.3.3.5           Dakota Salt
    6.3.3.6           Detroit Salt Company
    6.3.3.7           Dow Chemical
    6.3.3.8           Eastern Salt
    6.3.3.9           Georgia Gulf
    6.3.3.10          Granite State Minerals
    6.3.3.11          Huck Salt
    6.3.3.12          Hutchinson Salt
    6.3.3.13          Independent Salt
    6.3.3.14          Intrepid Potash
    6.3.3.15          Morton Salt
    6.3.3.16          New Mexico Salt and Mineral
    6.3.3.17          Olin
    6.3.3.18          OxyChem
    6.3.3.19          PPG Industries
    6.3.3.20          Redmond Clays & Salt
    6.3.3.21          Salt Products
    6.3.3.22          Searles Valley Minerals
    6.3.3.23          Shintech
    6.3.3.24          South Bay Salt Works
    6.3.3.25          TETRA Technologies
    6.3.3.26          Texas Brine
    6.3.3.27          The Mosaic Company
    6.3.3.28          United Salt
    6.3.3.29          US Salt

    7                 Review of salt production in Europe by country
    7.1               Albania
    7.2               Armenia
    7.3               Austria
    7.3.1             Osterreichischen Salinen
    7.4               Belarus
    7.4.1             Producers of salt in Belarus
    7.4.1.1           RUE PA Belaruskali
    7.4.1.2           JSC MozyrSalt
    7.5               Belgium
    7.5.1             Solvay
    7.6               Bosnia and Herzegovina
    7.7               Bulgaria
    7.7.1             Producers of salt in Bulgaria
    7.8               Croatia
    7.9               Denmark
    7.1               France
    7.10.1            Producers of salt in France
    7.10.1.1          Arkema
    7.10.1.2          Consortium du Jambon de Bayonne
    7.10.1.3          esco
    7.10.1.4          Groupe Salins
    7.10.1.5          Novacarb
    7.10.1.6          Perstorp France
    7.10.1.7          Saline d'Einville
    7.10.1.8          Solvay
    7.11              Germany
    7.11.1            Producers of salt in Germany
    7.11.1.1          Dow Chemical
    7.11.1.2          K+S Group
    7.11.1.3          Saline Luisenhall
    7.11.1.4          Salzgewinnungsgesellschaft Westfalen
    7.11.1.5          Sodawerk Stassfurt
    7.11.1.6          Suedsalz
    7.11.1.7          Suedwestdeutsche Salzwerke
    7.11.1.8          Wacker-Chemie
    7.12              Greece
    7.12.1            Producers of salt in Greece
    7.13              Italy
    7.13.1            Producers of salt in Italy
    7.13.1.1          Atisale
    7.13.1.2          Compagnia Italiana Sali
    7.13.1.3          Italkali
    7.13.1.4          Saline di Cervia
    7.13.1.5          Solvay Chimica Italia
    7.13.1.6          SOPOMA
    7.13.1.7          Syndial
    7.14              Montenegro
    7.15              Netherlands
    7.15.1            Producers of salt in the Netherlands
    7.15.1.1          AkzoNobel
    7.15.1.2          Frisa Zout
    7.16              Poland
    7.16.1            Producers of salt in Poland
    7.16.1.1          Anwil
    7.16.1.2          Inowroclaw Salt Mines Solino
    7.16.1.3          KGHM Polska Mied?
    7.16.1.4          Klodawa Salt Mine
    7.16.1.5          Kompania W?glowa
    7.16.1.6          Soda Polska Ciech
    7.16.1.7          Wieliczka Salt Mine
    7.16.1.8          Zoutman Industries
    7.17              Portugal
    7.17.1            Producers of salt in Portugal
    7.17.1.1          CUF Quimicos Industriais
    7.17.1.2          Salexpor
    7.17.1.3          Solvay Portugal
    7.17.1.4          Vatel
    7.17.1.5          Other producers
    7.18              Romania
    7.18.1            Salrom
    7.19              Russia
    7.19.1            Producers of salt in Russia
    7.19.1.1          Bassol
    7.19.1.2          Iletskol
    7.19.1.3          Silvinit
    7.19.1.4          Soda Sterlitamak
    7.19.1.5          Tyretskii Solerudnik
    7.19.1.6          Usol'e Salt Production
    7.19.2            Potential salt projects in Russia
    7.2               Serbia
    7.21              Slovakia
    7.22              Slovenia
    7.23              Spain
    7.23.1            Producers of salt in Spain
    7.23.1.1          Bras del Port
    7.23.1.2          Ercros
    7.23.1.3          esco Spain
    7.23.1.4          Iberica de Sales
    7.23.1.5          Iberpotash
    7.23.1.6          INFOSA
    7.23.1.7          Jumsal
    7.23.1.8          Proasal Salinera de Andalucia
    7.23.1.9          Sal Coloma
    7.23.1.10         Sales de Monzon
    7.23.1.11         Salinas de Bonmati
    7.23.1.12         Salinas de Navarra
    7.23.1.13         Salinas de S'Avall
    7.23.1.14         Salinera de Cardona
    7.23.1.15         Salinera Espa?ola
    7.23.1.16         Salins Iberica
    7.23.1.17         Solvay
    7.24              Switzerland
    7.24.1            Producers of salt in Switzerland
    7.24.1.1          Saline de Bex
    7.24.1.2          United Swiss Saltworks
    7.25              UK
    7.25.1            Producers of salt in the UK
    7.25.1.1          British Salt
    7.25.1.2          Cleveland Potash
    7.25.1.3          INEOS Enterprises
    7.25.1.4          Irish Salt Mining and Exploration
    7.25.1.5          Salt Union
    7.25.1.6          Natural salt producers
    7.26              Ukraine
    7.26.1            Producers of salt in Ukraine
    7.26.1.1          Artyomsol
    7.26.1.2          Crimean Soda
    7.26.1.3          Karpatneftekhim
    7.26.1.4          Slavyansk Salt Mining

    8                 Review of salt production in South and Central America
                      by country
    8.1               Argentina
    8.1.1             Producers of salt in Argentina
    8.1.1.1           ALPAT
    8.1.1.2           Celusal
    8.1.1.3           Cia Introductora de Buenos Aires
    8.1.1.4           La Industrial Salinera
    8.1.1.5           Proinsal
    8.2               Bahamas
    8.3               Bolivia
    8.4               Brazil
    8.4.1             Producers of salt in Brazil
    8.4.1.1           Braskem
    8.4.1.2           Comercio e Industria de Moagem e Refinacao Santa
                      Cecilia
    8.4.1.3           Dow Brasil Nordeste
    8.4.1.4           Henrique Lage Salineira do Nordeste
    8.4.1.5           Norsal
    8.4.1.6           Refinaria Nacional de Sal
    8.4.1.7           Salina Diamante Branco
    8.4.1.8           Salinas do Nordeste
    8.4.1.9           F. Souto
    8.4.1.10          Vale
    8.4.1.11          Other producers
    8.5               Chile
    8.5.1             Producers of salt in Chile
    8.5.1.1           SPL
    8.5.1.2           Other producers
    8.6               Colombia
    8.6.1             Producers of salt in Colombia
    8.6.1.1           Brinsa
    8.6.1.2           Colsalminas
    8.6.1.3           IFI-Concesion de Salinas
    8.6.1.4           Quimpac de Colombia
    8.7               Costa Rica
    8.8               Cuba
    8.9               Ecuador
    8.1               El Salvador
    8.11              Guatemala
    8.12              Honduras
    8.13              Jamaica
    8.14              Netherlands Antilles
    8.15              Nicaragua
    8.16              Panama
    8.17              Peru
    8.17.1            Producers of salt in Peru
    8.17.1.1          GrowMax Agri
    8.17.1.2          Quimpac
    8.18              Venezuela
    8.18.1            Producers of salt in Venezuela
    8.18.1.1          Essasa
    8.18.1.2          INDUSALCA
    8.18.1.3          Ingeomin
    8.18.1.4          Productora de Sal
    8.18.1.5          Salinera

    9                 Review of salt production in Oceania by country
    9.1               Australia
    9.1.1             Exports of salt from Australia
    9.1.2             Producers of salt in Australia
    9.1.2.1           Cheetham Salt
    9.1.2.2           Dampier Salt
    9.1.2.3           Lipp's
    9.1.2.4           Mitsui & Co (Australia)
    9.1.2.5           Mulgundawa Salt Mine
    9.1.2.6           Olsson's Industries
    9.1.2.7           Pyramid Salt
    9.1.2.8           SunSalt
    9.1.2.9           WA Salt Group
    9.1.2.10          Salt projects
    9.2               New Zealand
    9.2.1             Dominion Salt

    10                Review of salt production in the Middle East by country
    10.1              Abu Dhabi
    10.2              Afghanistan
    10.3              Iran
    10.3.1            Producers of salt in Iran
    10.3.1.1          Captive operations
    10.3.1.2          Mine operations
    10.3.1.3          Solar salt operations
    10.3.1.4          Refining operations
    10.4              Iraq
    10.5              Israel
    10.5.1            Producers of salt in Israel
    10.5.1.1          Israel Chemicals
    10.5.1.2          Israel Salt
    10.6              Jordan
    10.7              Kuwait
    10.8              Lebanon
    10.9              Oman
    10.1              Qatar
    10.11             Saudi Arabia
    10.11.1           Production of rock salt in Saudi Arabia
    10.11.2           Brine recovery in Saudi Arabia
    10.12             Syria
    10.13             Turkey
    10.13.1           Producers of salt in Turkey
    10.13.1.1         Alkim Alkali Kimya
    10.13.1.2         Altundal-Cakmak Joint Venture
    10.13.1.3         Binbir Gida Tarim UEruenleri
    10.13.1.4         Cihanbeyli Salt Mining
    10.13.1.5         Estuz
    10.13.1.6         Eurosalt Salt Industry
    10.13.1.7         Gokay Construction & Mining
    10.13.1.8         Koyuncu Nakliye Pazarlama
    10.13.1.9         Mutlucan Tuz Madencilik
    10.13.1.10        Salina Salt
    10.13.1.11        Saray Tuz
    10.13.1.12        Soda Sanayii
    10.13.1.13        TEKEL
    10.13.1.14        Tekin Salt
    10.14             Yemen

    11                Review of salt production in Africa by country
    11.1              Algeria
    11.2              Angola
    11.3              Benin
    11.4              Botswana
    11.5              Djibouti
    11.5.1            Production of salt in Djibouti
    11.5.1.1          Current production
    11.5.1.2          Salt project
    11.6              Egypt
    11.6.1            Producers of salt in Egypt
    11.6.1.1          Cookina Salt
    11.6.1.2          Egypt Salt
    11.6.1.3          El-Mex Salines
    11.6.1.4          El Nasr Salines
    11.6.1.5          EMISAL
    11.7              Eritrea
    11.8              Ethiopia
    11.9              Ghana
    11.9.1            Producers of salt in Ghana
    11.9.1.1          Cooperatives
    11.9.1.2          Fetteh Salt
    11.9.1.3          Ningbo Salt
    11.9.1.4          Panbros Salt Industry
    11.9.1.5          Popular Foods West Africa
    11.9.1.6          Songhor Salt Project
    11.9.1.7          Other producers
    11.1              Kenya
    11.11             Libya
    11.12             Madagascar
    11.13             Mali
    11.14             Mauritius
    11.15             Morocco
    11.15.1           Producers of salt in Morocco
    11.15.1.1         SCS
    11.15.1.2         SSM
    11.16             Mozambique
    11.17             Namibia
    11.17.1           Producers of salt in Namibia
    11.17.1.1         Cape Cross Salt Mining
    11.17.1.2         The Salt Company
    11.17.1.3         Walvis Bay Salt Holdings
    11.18             Niger
    11.19             Nigeria
    11.19.1           Processors of salt in Nigeria
    11.19.1.1         NASCON
    11.19.1.2         Royal Salt
    11.19.1.3         Union Dicon Salt
    11.2              Senegal
    11.21             South Africa
    11.21.1           Producers of salt in South Africa
    11.21.1.1         Cerebos
    11.21.1.2         Saamwerk Soutwerke
    11.21.1.3         Straits Chemicals
    11.21.1.4         Swartkops SeeSout
    11.21.1.5         United Salt
    11.22             Sudan
    11.23             Tanzania
    11.24             Tunisia
    11.24.1           Producers of salt in Tunisia
    11.24.1.1         COTUSAL
    11.24.1.2         SAIDA
    11.25             Uganda

    12                International trade in salt
    12.1              Exports of salt
    12.2              Imports of salt
    12.3              Regional trade in salt
    12.3.1            Asia
    12.3.2            North America
    12.3.3            Europe
    12.3.4            Central and South America
    12.3.5            Oceania
    12.3.6            Africa and Middle East

    13                World consumption of salt
    13.1              Consumption of salt by end-use
    13.2              Market balance for salt
    13.3              Future trends in consumption of salt

    14                Use of salt in chloralkali production
    14.1              Chloralkali processing
    14.2              Type of salt consumed in chloralkali production
    14.3              Chloralkali demand
    14.4              Chloralkali supply
    14.4.1            China
    14.4.2            North America
    14.4.3            Europe
    14.4.4            Japan
    14.4.5            India
    14.5              Trends in demand for salt in chloralkali production

    15                Use of salt in synthetic soda ash production
    15.1              Synthetic soda ash processing
    15.1.1            Solvay process
    15.1.2            Other processes
    15.2              Soda ash demand
    15.3              Synthetic soda ash supply
    15.4              Trends in demand for salt in synthetic soda ash
                      production

    16                Use of salt in other chemical applications
    16.1              Sodium chlorate production
    16.2              Sodium metal production
    16.3              Hydrochloric acid production

    17                Use of salt in road de-icing
    17.1              Type of salt used in de-icing
    17.2              Trends in demand for salt in de-icing

    18                Use of salt in food and food processing
    18.1              Type of salt used in food and food processing
    18.2              Trends in demand for salt in food and food processing

    19                Use of salt in other applications
    19.1              Use of salt in animal feed
    19.2              Use of salt in water treatment
    19.2.1            Water softening
    19.2.2            Water chlorinators
    19.2.3            Ponds and aquaria
    19.3              Use of salt in pharmaceuticals
    19.4              Industrial uses for salt
    19.4.1            Oil and gas exploration
    19.4.2            Textiles and dyes
    19.4.3            Pulp and paper
    19.4.4            Metals processing
    19.4.5            Tanning and leather
    19.4.6            Rubber
    19.4.7            Others

    20                Prices of salt
    20.1              Historical salt prices
    20.2              Future trends in salt prices

SOURCE Roskill Information Services


Source: newswire



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