The Proposal for a World Organization for Agriculture Backed by momagri Will be Presented at the Upcoming G8 Summit by President Abdoulaye Wade
Declaration issued following the Dakar Agricole Forum, the creation of a
World Organization for Agriculture (WOA) would represent a major step toward
a new global governance system.
At the Dakar Agricole forum held on
cooperation with momagri,
Agriculture be the regulation of agricultural markets and the coordination of
agricultural policies. President Wade advocated locating this WOA on the
African continent, which will face the most serious demographic and food
challenges in the coming years.
Officials attending the Dakar Agricole Forum collectively pointed out
that “boosting output and regulating physical and futures agricultural
markets are the only solutions to resolve the hyper-volatility of
agricultural commodity prices. Price spikes are affecting consumer solvency,
and price slumps are jeopardizing agricultural output capacity. Farmers need
agricultural price stability and visibility, so that the development of
sustainable agricultural production and global food security are achieved.
The events of the past few years have shown us the limits–even the
dangers–of the ‘all market’ in agriculture.”
For momagri Chairman
since it would apply to the global trade of some products–such as grain or
milk–that form the basis of nutrition. In fact, international agricultural
trade accounts for less than 10 percent of global agricultural output and
involves a maximum of 10 exporting countries.
“More precisely, this WOA would outline, for these key products, free
fluctuation price tunnels per large geographical zones and based on the data
provided by a cost price watchdog body. No intervention would be required
within such tunnel. Should agricultural commodity prices come out of their
respective tunnels, a ‘Global Food Security Council’ would instigate
safeguard mechanisms to regulate the agricultural markets involved on the
basis of economic facts observed in each major area of the world.”
Two main courses of action could be defined and applied under the aegis
of this WOA:
– Working on market regulating reserves built up in the large exporting
regions as well as on emergency reserves in nations subjected to food
– Insuring better transparency in financial market operations and
implementing rules to fight excessive speculation.
What would the WOA mission and standing be?
As an offshoot of the G20–today’s most successful expression of global
cooperation on world issues–the WOA would have a genuine decision-making
capability through a secretariat managed by the FAO or the WFP. It would thus
be in charge of monitoring agricultural markets with suitable tools, which
would permit anticipating crises and acting to regulate markets when needed.
“The Organization’s consultation and decision-making board would be the
Global Food Security Council, established according to a rationale close to
the UN Security Council,” added
For momagri, this proposal must be considered in earnest, since we are
probably on the eve of an era during which agricultural price “seismicity”
will get worse, with consequences on world balance that could be even more
calamitous than the economic and financial crisis.