November 5, 2009
Mentors Help Disadvantaged Teens Attend College
Two findings from a new national study reveal the power of mentors, particularly those in the teaching profession:
* For all teen students, having an adult mentor meant a 50 percent greater likelihood of attending college.* For disadvantaged students, mentorship by a teacher nearly doubled the odds of attending college.
"Potential is sometimes squashed by the social environment, and the data show that mentors can overcome those forces," said Lance Erickson, a sociology professor at Brigham Young University and the study's lead author.
The research will appear next week in the academic journal Sociology of Education. Study coauthor Steve McDonald, a sociologist at North Carolina State University, notes a harsh paradox evident in the numbers.
"Youth who are most likely to need mentors are least likely to have them," McDonald said.
Their research shows less than half of disadvantaged students report having any adult mentor. Only seven percent had a mentoring relationship with a teacher.
The data includes information from more than 14,000 adolescents who participated in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.
In the statistical analysis, mentors proved pivotal in whether students make the jump to college. For example, students whose parents do not have even a high school degree are normally 35 percent likely to enroll in college. According to the study, the rate jumps to 66 percent when the youth considers one of their teachers to be a personal mentor.
"Teacher-mentors close the college gap for disadvantaged kids," Erickson said.
The authors point out that much needs to be done to help disadvantaged youth connect to the adults, especially teachers, in their lives.
"Comments from study participants indicate that their mentors weren't necessarily doing anything extraordinary, just being involved and treating the young person as an important human being," Erickson said.
Glen Elder of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill is a co-author on the study.
Image Caption: Denise Daniels, a math teacher at Spanish Fork High School, mentors a student during an after-school math lab. A new BYU study shows teacher- mentors greatly increase students' chances of going to college.
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