Census Bureau Releases Population Estimates for Counties, Metropolitan and Micropolitan Areas: July 1, 2011
Census Estimates Show New Patterns of Growth Nationwide
First Metro/Micro Area and County Population Estimates Since 2010 Census
WASHINGTON, April 5, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — Among the 50 fastest-growing metro areas over the last decade, only 24 of them were also among the 50 fastest growing since the 2010 Census. This is according to the first set of U.S. Census Bureau metropolitan statistical area, micropolitan statistical area and county population estimates to be published since the official 2010 Census population counts were released a year ago.
“Our nation is constantly changing, and these estimates provide us with our first measure of how much substate areas have grown or declined in total population since Census Day, April 1, 2010,” Census Bureau Director Robert Groves said. “We’re already seeing different patterns of population growth than we saw in the last decade.”
According to the new July 1, 2011 population estimates released today, the relative growth of many of the nation’s 366 metro areas in the 15-month period from April 2010 to July 2011 differed markedly from that observed between 2000 and 2010. One such example was Palm Coast, Fla., which was the fastest-growing metro area between 2000 and 2010, but fell to 55th place between 2010 and 2011. Similarly, Las Vegas, the third fastest-growing metro area between 2000 and 2010, fell to 151st place. Some metro areas showed less change: St. George, Utah, the second fastest-growing metro area between 2000 and 2010, dropped only to 11th place.
Conversely, New Orleans, which experienced the greatest percentage loss between 2000 and 2010, was 35th in metro area percentage growth between 2010 and 2011. Besides New Orleans, there were nine metro areas that were not among the 100 fastest growing between 2000 and 2010 but were among the 50 fastest growing from 2010 to 2011: Hinesville-Fort Stewart, Ga.; Columbus, Ga.-Ala.; Odessa, Texas; Fayetteville, N.C.; Oklahoma City, Okla.; Bismarck, N.D.; Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla.; Gulfport-Biloxi, Miss.; and Hattiesburg, Miss.
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, Wash., and Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas, were the nation’s two fastest-growing metro areas between 2010 and 2011, with population increases of 4.3 percent and 3.9 percent, respectively.
Solid Growth in Texas Continues
Although new patterns of growth have emerged since the 2010 Census, some trends persist from the last decade. One such example is the growth in Texas. There were five large metro areas (2011 populations of at least 1 million) among the 20 fastest growing from 2010 to 2011. Four of them were in Texas: Austin (second), San Antonio (16th), Dallas-Fort Worth (17th) and Houston (18th). (Raleigh-Cary, N.C., was the fifth such area.)
Looking at numeric growth, Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston added more people between 2010 and 2011 than any other metro area (155,000 and 140,000, respectively). These two metro areas were the biggest numeric gainers during the 2000 to 2010 period (with Houston gaining more than Dallas-Fort Worth over the decade).
Another trend that persisted: nearly all of the fastest-growing metro areas from 2010 to 2011 (46 of 50) were located either entirely or partially in the South or West.
North Dakota and New Mexico Now Home to Many High-Growth Micro Areas
The nation’s fastest-growing micro area between April 1, 2010, and July 1, 2011, was Williston, N.D., which grew by 8.8 percent. Two other North Dakota micro areas, Dickinson (fourth) and Minot (eighth), also were among the 10 fastest growing. New Mexico contained more micro areas among the 50 fastest growing (six) than any other state: Gallup (11th), Portales (12th), Alamogordo (13th), Clovis (15th), Grants (34th) and Los Alamos (42nd).
None of these nine North Dakota and New Mexico micro areas was among the 50 fastest growing between 2000 and 2010. (Overall, only 18 of the 50 fastest-growing micro areas nationwide between 2010 and 2011 were also among the 50 fastest growing between 2000 and 2010.)
Midwestern Counties Among 10 Fastest Growing
Of the 10 fastest-growing counties in the nation between April 1, 2010, and July 1, 2011, two were in the upper Midwest: Williams, N.D., which ranked third, and Dallas, Iowa, which was seventh. Another was in the Pacific Northwest: Franklin, Wash., which was fifth. Two county equivalents in Virginia, the independent cities of Manassas Park and Fredericksburg, checked in at fourth and sixth, respectively.
The presence of St. Bernard (second) and Orleans (ninth) in Louisiana among the 10 fastest-growing counties provides evidence that the New Orleans area continues to rebound from the effects of Hurricane Katrina. Rounding out the top 10 were Charlton, Ga. (first); Hoke, N.C. (eighth) and Williamson, Texas (10th). None of these 10 counties was among the 10 fastest growing from 2000 to 2010.
The top 10 numeric gainers were all in the Sun Belt, with four in Texas: Harris, Dallas, Bexar, and Tarrant. Another four were in Southern California: Los Angeles, Riverside, Orange and San Diego. Rounding out the list were Maricopa, Ariz. and Miami-Dade, Fla.
–As of July 1, 2011, the nation’s 366 metro areas contained 261.1 million people — 83.8 percent of the total population.
–Houston surpassed the 6 million population mark between 2010 and 2011.
–Six metro areas increased their populations by more than 100,000 people from 2010 to 2011: Dallas-Fort Worth (155,000), Houston (140,000), Washington, D.C. (122,000), New York (119,000), Los Angeles (116,000) and Miami-Fort Lauderdale (105,000).
–The most populous metro areas on July 1, 2011, were New York (19.0 million), Los Angeles (12.9 million) and Chicago (9.5 million). Fourteen metro areas had populations of 4 million or more.
–As of July 1, 2011, the nation’s 576 micro areas contained 31.0 million people — 10 percent of the total population.
–Twenty-one of the 50 fastest-growing micro areas between 2010 and 2011 were in the South, 17 in the West, 11 in the Midwest and one in the Northeast.
–Four micro areas were both among the 10 fastest growing and the 10 highest numeric gaining between 2010 and 2011: The Villages, Fla.; Dunn, N.C.; Statesboro, Ga.; and Minot, N.D.
–The most populous micro area was Seaford, Del., with a 2011 population of 200,000, followed by Hilton Head Island-Beaufort, S.C., and Torrington, Conn. (190,000 and 189,000, respectively). Overall, 47 micro areas had 2011 populations of 100,000 or more, compared with 45 as of 2010.
–Among the 50 fastest-growing counties from 2010 to 2011, 38 were in the South, with the remaining 12 split equally between the Midwest and West. Texas contained more of these counties than any other state, with 12. Georgia was next, with nine, followed by Virginia (seven), and North Dakota and North Carolina (tied with three apiece).
–Texas was home to eight of the 25 counties with the highest numerical gains and California to six. All but two were in the South or West: Kings, N.Y. (Brooklyn) and Cook, Ill. (Chicago).
–The three fastest-growing counties from 2000 to 2010 were Kendall, Ill.; Pinal, Ariz.; and Flagler, Fla. Between 2010 and 2011, they ranked 236th, 171st and 207th, respectively.
–Los Angeles was the most populous county, with 9.9 million residents on July 1, 2011.
In the coming months, the Census Bureau will release 2011 estimates of the total population of incorporated places, as well as national, state and county population estimates by age, sex, race and Hispanic origin.
The Census Bureau develops county, metro and micro area population estimates by measuring population change since the most recent census. The Census Bureau uses births, deaths, administrative records and survey data to develop estimates of population. For more detail regarding the methodology, see http://www.census.gov/popest/methodology.
All geographic boundaries for the July 1, 2011, population estimates series are defined as of Jan. 1, 2011. The Office of Management and Budget’s statistical area definitions (for metro and micro areas) are those issued by that agency in December 2009. Metro areas contain at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more population and micro areas contain at least one urban cluster of at least 10,000 (but less than 50,000) population. Both metro and micro areas consist of one or more whole counties or county equivalents. Some metro and micro area titles are abbreviated in the text of the news release. Full titles are shown in the tables. The 2010 to 2011 comparisons use the April 1, 2010 population estimates base, while the 2000 to 2010 comparisons use the April 1, 2010 Census count. The April 1, 2010, population estimates base reflects changes to the 2010 Census population from the Boundary and Annexation Survey and other geographic program revisions.
The 10 Fastest Growing Metro Areas from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2011
Percent Increase 1. Kennewick-Pasco- Richland, Wash. 4.3 2. Austin-Round Rock- San Marcos, Texas 3.9 3. Hinesville-Fort Stewart, Ga. 3.4 4. McAllen-Edinburg- Mission, Texas 3.0 5. Raleigh-Cary, N.C. 2.9 6. Warner Robins, Ga. 2.9 7. Provo-Orem, Utah 2.7 8. Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, S.C. 2.6 9. Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, S.C. 2.6 10. Yuma, Ariz. 2.6
The 10 Metro Areas with the Largest Numeric Increase from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2011
Numeric Increase 1. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas 154,774 2. Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas 139,699 3. Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. 121,911 4. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. 118,791 5. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. 115,964 6. Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla. 105,490 7. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga. 90,345 8. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. 80,146 9. Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, Ariz. 70,349 10. Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas 67,230
The 10 Fastest Growing Micro Areas from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2011
Percent Increase 1. Williston, N.D. 8.8 2. The Villages, Fla. 4.6 3. Andrews, Texas 4.5 4. Dickinson, N.D. 4.0 5. Dunn, N.C. 4.0 6. Statesboro, Ga. 3.8 7. Heber, Utah 3.8 8. Minot, N.D. 3.6 9. Tifton, Ga. 3.3 10. Guymon, Okla. 3.3
The 10 Micro Areas with the Largest Numeric Increase from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2011
Numeric Increase 1. Dunn, N.C. 4,578 2. Daphne-Fairhope- Foley, Ala. 4,452 3. The Villages, Fla. 4,336 4. Seaford, Del. 3,185 5. Hilton Head Island- Beaufort, S.C. 2,869 6. Statesboro, Ga. 2,664 7. Minot, N.D. 2,527 8. Lexington Park, Md. 2,333 9. Gallup, N.M. 2,172 10. Moses Lake, Wash. 2,145
The 10 Fastest Growing Counties (or Equivalents) from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2011
Percent Increase 1. Charlton, Ga. 10.3 2. St. Bernard, La. 10.2 3. Williams, N.D. 8.8 4. Manassas Park, Va. 7.4 5. Franklin, Wash. 6.8 6. Fredericksburg, Va. 5.8 7. Dallas, Iowa 5.0 8. Hoke, N.C. 4.9 9. Orleans, La. 4.9 10. Williamson, Texas 4.8
The 10 Counties with the Largest Numeric Increase from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2011
Numeric Increase 1. Harris, Texas 88,452 2. Los Angeles, Calif. 70,451 3. Maricopa, Ariz. 63,127 4. Miami-Dade, Fla. 58,331 5. Riverside, Calif. 49,979 6. Dallas, Texas 47,875 7. Orange, Calif. 45,513 8. San Diego, Calif. 44,756 9. Bexar, Texas 41,376 10. Tarrant, Texas 40,776
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SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau