August 11, 2005
Minorities outnumber whites in Texas-Census Bureau
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Minorities now outnumber whites in
Texas, which joins California, Hawaii, New Mexico and the
District of Columbia as the only U.S. locales where whites are
less than 50 percent of the population, the U.S. Census Bureau
said on Thursday.
Maryland, Mississippi, Georgia, New York and Arizona, each
with minority populations of about 40 percent, are next in line
to have whites outnumbered by non-whites, according to a Census
Bureau study of state and county population estimates by race
and Hispanic origin.
According to the July 1, 2004 estimates, Texas had a
minority population of 11.3 million, comprising 50.2 percent of
its total population of 22.5 million.
Of the estimated 293.66 million total U.S. residents
estimated on July 1, 2004, 95.81 million, or 32.6 percent, were
In New Mexico and California, minority proportions were 57
percent and 56 percent, respectively, while the District of
Columbia's population was 70 percent minorities.
California had the largest Hispanic population in July 2004
at 12.3 million and the largest numerical increase -- 351,000
-- since July 2003. But Hispanics made up a higher proportion
of the total population in New Mexico at 43 percent.
New York had the largest black population in July 2004, at
3.5 million, while Florida had the largest numerical increase
of blacks since July 2003 at 85,900. The District of Columbia
was where blacks made up the highest proportion of the total
population at 59 percent.
California had the largest Asian population at 4.8 million
and the largest numerical increase -- 123,000 -- since July
2003. Hawaii had the highest proportion of Asians, at 59
percent of the total population.
California also had the largest population of American
Indians and Alaskan native people at 687,400 in July 2004.
Arizona had the largest numerical increase from a year earlier
at 6,400, while American Indians and Alaskan natives made up 19
percent of Alaska's population, the nation's highest
Among counties, Los Angeles County in California had the
largest Hispanic population at 4.6 million and the largest
numerical increase at 76,400 since July 2003.
Los Angeles County also had the largest Asian population at
1.4 million and the largest numerical increase at 25,200. It
had the largest American Indian and Alaskan native population
at 153,500, while Maricopa County, Arizona had the largest
numerical increase at 3,000.
Cook County, Illinois had the largest black population at
1.4 million, but Broward County, Florida had the largest
numerical increase between 2003 and 2004 at 17,900.