September 8, 2005

Yahoo defends itself over China accusations

By John Ruwitch

HONG KONG (Reuters) - Internet giant Yahoo Inc. defended
itself on Thursday against accusations that it supplied data to
Chinese authorities which led to the imprisonment of a
journalist, saying it has to abide local laws.

Press watchdogs accused Yahoo Holdings (Hong Kong) Ltd. of
providing details about e-mail communications that helped
identify, and were used as evidence against, Shi Tao, who was
sentenced in April to 10 years in prison for leaking state
secrets abroad.

"Just like any other global company, Yahoo! must ensure
that its local country sites must operate within the laws,
regulations and customs of the country in which they are
based," Yahoo spokeswoman Mary Osako said in a statement
e-mailed to Reuters by the firm's Hong Kong arm.

Yahoo declined to confirm or deny that it furnished the
Chinese government with the information.

The French group Reporters Without Borders said Shi, a
former news editor for the Contemporary Business News in Hunan
province, was convicted for e-mailing foreign-based Web sites
the text of an internal message to journalists about dangers
around the 15th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre in

China broadly defines as a state secret anything that
affects the security and interests of the state, but the limits
are vague and can include political news. Rights groups say the
laws are arbitrary enough to be manipulated for political

The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists said in
February that China had the most journalists in prison, 42, of
any country for the sixth year in a row.

Among those in detention are New York Times researcher Zhao
Yan, arrested on charges of leaking state secrets to
foreigners, and Hong Kong-based reporter Ching Cheong of the
Singapore Straits Times, who China suspects of spying for

Shi's conviction sent shockwaves through the Chinese
journalist community because many felt his sentence was
excessive and might have been heavy to serve as a warning.

The Committee to Protect Journalists decried what it called
China's "chokehold" on the Internet.

"We categorically condemn the outrageous prosecution of Shi
Tao," Executive Director Ann Cooper said.

"We call on the Chinese government and Yahoo to provide a
full explanation of the circumstances that led the company to
provide account holder information,"

In 2002, Yahoo was among the many firms to voluntarily sign
the "Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the China Internet
Industry," seen by critics as a promise of self-censorship.

Reporters Without Borders asked how far Yahoo would go.

"Does the fact that this corporation operates under Chinese
law free it from all ethical considerations? How far will it go
to please Beijing?" it said in a statement.

"It is one thing to turn a blind eye to the Chinese
government's abuses and it is quite another thing to

(Additional reporting by Eric Auchard in San Francisco)