November 10, 2005

Hip-hop’s stance against informers hurts US police

By Gelu Sulugiuc

NEW YORK (Reuters) - When rapper Lil' Kim was sentenced to
a year in federal prison this summer for lying to a grand jury
about a Manhattan shootout, she was lionized by media covering
the hip-hop music scene for not "snitching."

Even as prosecutors confronted her with security camera
tapes showing her standing next to one of the shooters, she
lied about who was involved.

The media hoopla helped the rapper enter the Billboard
chart at No.6 with her latest record "The Naked Truth,"
released shortly after her incarceration in September.

Criminals have always relied on a code of silence to evade
prosecution. But calls to "stop snitching" have grown louder in
hip-hop, which grew out of black inner cities to become a huge
influence on youth culture across America.

Critics say this taboo on "snitching" or informing is now
part of hip-hop's mystique and makes it increasingly hard for
police to solve violent crimes in inner-city neighborhoods.

"The cultural shift that it is acceptable to tell people
not to come to court to testify imperils the criminal justice
system," said Philadelphia District Attorney Lynne Abraham.

Many hot hip-hop artists glorify crime and violence in
their music. The "stop snitching" calls have helped sell
records and magazines while branding those who cooperate with
law enforcement as traitors.

The message is that drug dealing and shootings are normal
and it's more noble to go to jail than to talk to police.


The phrase "stop snitching" gained mainstream attention
when DVDs with that title showing scenes from inner-city life
surfaced in Baltimore last year.

"We've got a lot of rats up here we want to expose," a man
says in one scene. "There ain't too many of them because we
deal with them."

NBA star Carmelo Anthony is shown laughing while another
man threatens informers. Anthony has said he was an unwitting
participant in the DVD.

The slogan "stop snitching" has begun appearing on T-shirts
across America to the dismay of anti-violence groups such as
Men United for a Better Philadelphia, which encourages crime
witnesses to cooperate with police.

"Your life is at stake," Bilal Qayyum, the group's
co-chairman, said of the risks of not cooperating with police
to solve crimes. "If you don't step up, it could be you or your
family tomorrow."

But cultural pressure not to talk to police is effective,
said Judge John Glynn of Baltimore City Circuit Court, adding
two-thirds of violent crime witnesses recant or refuse to
testify in his court.

"If a kid lives in a culture where being a thug is
supported, he's going to feel much more comfortable not
cooperating with the authorities," he said. "Most people go
along and take the easy way out."

Baltimore is full of examples of what happens to some
people when they try to testify about crimes they have
witnessed: 16-year-old Edwin Boyd was killed in a hail of 13
bullets after he witnessed a murder in 2003 and became a
prosecution witness.

The rise of hip-hop culture has heightened the phenomenon
by transforming street thugs into role models, critics say.

Popular hip-hop magazine The Source lamented Lil' Kim's
prosecution. "She didn't do anything. She didn't pull no guns.
She just told a little fib," it wrote in its October issue.


In July, the magazine XXL boasted "exclusive interviews
with hip-hop's incarcerated soldiers" and promised to publish a
yearly "jail issue." Most of the rappers portrayed were in jail
for an array of violent crimes, from murder to armed robbery.

Calls to editors at The Source and XXL requesting
interviews were not returned.

"XXL named it the jail issue, but every issue of a lot of
magazines might as well be called the jail issue," said rapper
Chuck D of Public Enemy, who had hits in the 1980s with
politically astute albums such as "It Takes A Nation Of
Millions To Hold Us Back."

"Somebody who might want to play gangster or thug is being
reflected as being the guideline for the culture, and to me
that's wrong," he said.

Rapper 50 Cent, known for his hit album "Get Rich or Die
Tryin"' and who regularly boasts of his numerous gunshot wounds
and his drug-dealing past told Reuters, "A snitch would be the
worst thing that you could be in the neighborhood. If you tell
on them, they don't want you around."

Public Enemy's new album "New Whirl Odor" with its positive
message doesn't sell nearly as well as new rappers such as
Young Jeezy, whose hit debut "Let's Get It: Thug Motivation
101," glorifies drug dealing and gang life.

The rise of the "stop snitching" culture comes as violent
crime among juveniles in the United States is rising.

Federal Bureau of Investigations data showed a 2.4 percent
drop in the murder rate in 2004 compared to 2003, but the
number of juveniles arrested for murder rose by more than 21
percent over the same period.

That trend prompted the FBI to make combating street gangs
a top priority, along with counterterrorism. But community
support is key to that effort.

"I support snitches," said Chuck D. "If a person is
cancerous to society, then a snitch sometimes is the best
solution, with an army behind him."

(Additional reporting by Larry Fine.)