February 16, 2006

A year on, Kyoto climate backers urge US action

By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent

OSLO (Reuters) - Backers of the U.N.'s Kyoto Protocol
renewed their pleas to the United States on Thursday to do more
to fight global warming, even though their own records are
patchy in the year since the pact went into force.

Many experts said that time to slow a rise in temperatures
widely blamed on burning fossil fuels was running out. A
British report said the nation might resemble the tropics by
3000, with rising seas from melting ice swamping the coasts.

The United Nations, the European Commission and many
environmental groups all urged tougher action beyond Kyoto,
which entered into force on February 16, 2005 and runs to 2012.

"We need the full participation of all major emitting
countries -- such as the United States, the world's leading
economy, but also the world's leading polluter," European
Commissioner Stavros Dimas said in marking the anniversary.

He warned that the world needed to strengthen action to
contain global warming or would "run out of time to contain
climate change." Most scientists say warming will bring a more
chaotic climate with more heatwaves, droughts and floods.

NASA has said that 2005 was the warmest year at the earth's
surface since records began in the 1860s. Another recent study
showed that concentrations of greenhouse gases were at the
highest in 650,000 years.

President George W. Bush pulled out of Kyoto in 2001,
saying it would cost U.S. jobs and wrongly excluded developing
nations from an overall goal of cutting industrialized nations'
emissions by 5.2 percent below 1990 levels by 2008-12.

U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases, released mainly by
burning fossil fuels, were about 16 percent above 1990 levels
in 2004. But Kyoto signatories Spain, Portugal, Greece, Ireland
and Canada are all doing even worse.


"Countries are not on track to reach even their modest
Kyoto targets, despite growing recognition that we are already
facing dramatic consequences as a result of climate change,"
said Catherine Pearce at environmental group Friends of the

Washington agreed at U.N. talks in Montreal, Canada, in
December to take part in a non-binding world dialogue about new
ways to combat climate change. And Kyoto's backers agreed to
talks about what to do after a first period runs out in 2012.

The U.N. climate change office said this week that Kyoto
nations were on target to cut emissions by 3.5 percent compared
with 1990 levels by 2012 and could reach the 5.2 percent goal
by introducing extra measures.

On Thursday, the British Environmental Agency released a
report saying decisions in the next 25 years would be critical.

"We are running out of road on decision making -- unless we
dramatically change the use of fossil fuels we will be
committing future generations to the most severe impacts of
climate change," said Barbara Young, head of the agency.

By 3000, it said historically chilly Britain could resemble
the tropics. Seas could be 11.4 meters higher due to melting
polar ice, swamping cities like London.

After snubbing Kyoto, Bush has stressed promoting new
technologies, such as wind and solar power, to break what he
has called a U.S. addiction to oil.

Some experts say Bush's plan lacks a spur to force industry
to cut down and say that markets for trading carbon dioxide,
the main greenhouse gas, are the best way to encourage cuts.

In the European Union, carbon dioxide in a market for
industrial pollution allowances traded at 26.9 euros ($31.96)
per tonne, reflecting growing belief in the scheme, and up from
about 7 euros a year ago.

(Additional reporting by Jeff Mason in Brussels and Jeremy
Lovell in London)