May 22, 2012

Bone Disease Higher in Males with Pulmonary Disease

( Ivanhoe Newswire) — Bones are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. As you age you can lose bone faster than you make bone. Now, a new study says male patients with pulmonary disease have a higher prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis.

"While post-menopausal women are routinely screened for osteoporosis, men are not," Kathleen Ellstrom, PhD, RN, APRN-BC, Pulmonary Clinical Nurse Specialist and Director of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program at the Veterans Administration Loma Linda Healthcare System., was quoted as saying. "The high prevalence of bone disease we found in male patients referred to our pulmonary rehabilitation program suggests that routine screening should also be performed in men with pulmonary disease."

Researchers studied 46 patients, 43 of whom underwent dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) screening. The majority (98%) of patients were male. Diagnoses included chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, 80%), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF, 16%), and asthma (4%).

Of the 43 patients who underwent DXA scanning, 27 (63%) had positive scans. Of these 27 patients, 21 (78%) had osteopenia and 6 (22%) had osteoporosis. The severity of lung disease was also associated with bone disease as those patients with more severe lung disease were more likely to also have bone disease.

"Our findings suggest that routine screening for osteopenia/osteoporosis in male patients with pulmonary disease may help reduce the occurrence of fractures in these patients by identifying at-risk individuals that might otherwise not be evaluated and treated." Dr. Ellstrom was quoted saying.

Source: The ATS 2012 International Conference in San Francisco, May 2012.