July 23, 2012

Immune Drug Helps With Kidney Disorder

(Ivanhoe Newswire) - Each year an estimated 70,000 people globally are diagnosed with the kidney immune disorder, idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) can eventually lead to kidney failure.

Standard therapies for IMN can be toxic and lead to further complications, but a new study has discovered the drug rituximab which is commonly used to treat lymphoma and arthritis also benefits patients with IMN.

Standard therapy for IMN includes nonspecific immunosuppression with steroids and other agents that do not work in all patients and can cause serious complications. Because the drug rituximab specifically targets immune cells involved in the development and progression of IMN, Piero Ruggenenti, M.D., Giuseppe Remuzzi, M.D., FRCP (from Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research and Ospedali Riuniti, in Bergamo, Italy) and their colleagues tested its safety and effectiveness in 100 patients with IMN. They looked to see how many patients experienced complete or partial remission, based on the amount of protein excreted in the urine.

Among the major findings, over an average of 29 months, 65 out of the 100 patients taking rituximab treatment experienced remission of their disease. Twenty-seven of these patients achieved complete remission. All patients with at least four years of follow-up achieved complete or partial remission, and their kidney function improved over time. Rituximab was effective even when previous treatments with steroids and other immunosuppressive drugs had failed. Patients tolerated rituximab well and experienced no treatment-related serious side effects throughout the entire study.

"Rituximab may lead to major progress in the treatment of patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy, and in consideration of its excellent safety profile, it might replace other toxic regimens as first line treatment of this disease," Dr. Giuseppe Remuzzi was quoted as saying.

An added benefit of rituximab is that it can be administered in one single intravenous infusion on an outpatient basis, while courses of steroids and other drugs for IMN require at least six months of continued treatment and often cause patients to become hospitalized due to complications.

Source: American Society of Nephrology, July 2012