April 18, 2013
Experts Examine Mediterranean Diet’s Health Effects For Older Adults
According to a study published in the Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, a baseline adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) is associated with a lower risk of hyperuricemia, defined as a serum uric acid (SUA) concentration higher than 7mg/dl in men and higher than 6mg/dl in women.
Hyperuricemia has been associated with metabolic syndrome, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, gout, and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The MeDiet is characterized by a high consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, olive oil, nuts, and whole grain; a moderate consumption of wine, dairy products, and poultry, and a low consumption of red meat, sweet beverages, creams, and pastries. Due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, the MeDiet might play a role in decreasing SUA concentrations.
The findings below demonstrate the positive health effects of a MeDiet in older adults:
-Rates of reversion were higher among hyperuricemic participants at baseline who had greater adherence to the MeDiet.
-Consuming less than one serving a day of red meat compared with higher intake is associated with 23 percent reduced risk of hyperuricemia.
-Consuming fish and seafood increased the prevalence of hyperuricemia.
-Drinking more than seven glasses of wine per week increased the prevalence of hyperuricemia.
-Consuming legumes and sofrito sauce reduced the prevalence of hyperuricemia.
-Reversion of hyperuricemia was achieved by adherence to the MeDiet alone, without weight loss or changes to physical activity.
The paper “Mediterranean Diet and Risk of Hyperuricemia in Elderly Participants at High Cardiovascular Risk” can be accessed at www.oxfordjournals.org/page/5147/2.
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