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Dotarem® (gadoterate meglumine) Injection Now Offered Via Innovative Technology Agreement Awarded By Novation

November 6, 2013

PRINCETON, N.J., Nov. 6, 2013 /PRNewswire/ — Guerbet announced today that Novation, the leading health care supply chain expertise, analytics and contracting company, has awarded a new agreement for Dotarem(®) (gadoterate meglumine) Injection, a gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) indicated for intravenous use with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in brain (intracranial), spine and associated tissues in adult and pediatric patients (2 years of age and older) to detect and visualize areas with disruption of the blood brain barrier and/or abnormal vascularity.

The agreement, effective November 1, 2013, was awarded through Novation’s competitive Innovative Technology program which seeks to identify and contract for innovative products that are used in clinical care and offer an incremental benefit to the care and safety of a patient and health care worker.

Dotarem — which has been commercialized widely throughout the world since 1989 and with more than 42 million doses administered outside the US ([1]) — is the only macrocyclic and ionic GBCA. The recommended dose is 0.2 mL/kg (0.1 mmol/kg) body weight (BW).

Important Safety Information


    WARNING: NEPHROGENIC SYSTEMIC
     FIBROSIS (NSF)

    Gadolinium-based contrast agents
     (GBCAs) increase the risk for NSF
     among patients with impaired
     elimination of the drugs. Avoid
     use of GBCAs in these patients
     unless the diagnostic information
     is essential and not available
     with non-contrasted MRI or other
     modalities.

    NSF may result in fatal or
     debilitating fibrosis affecting
     the skin, muscle and internal
     organs.

    ·       The risk for NSF appears
     highest among patients with:

    o Chronic, severe kidney disease
     (GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73m(2)), or

    o Acute kidney injury.

    ·        Screen patients for acute
     kidney injury and other
     conditions that may reduce renal
     function. For patients at risk
     for chronically reduced renal
     function (for example, age > 60
     years, hypertension or diabetes),
     estimate the glomerular
     filtration rate (GFR) through
     laboratory testing [see Warnings
     and Precautions].

    ·        For patients at highest
     risk for NSF, do not exceed the
     recommended Dotarem dose and
     allow a sufficient period of time
     for elimination of the drug from
     the body prior to any re-
     administration [see Warnings and
     Precautions].
    ----------------------------------

[1] Data on file as of November 1, 2013.

Contraindicated in patients with a history of clinically important hypersensitivity reactions to Dotarem.

The possibility of serious or life-threatening anaphylactoid/anaphylactic reactions with cardiovascular, respiratory or cutaneous manifestations, ranging from mild to severe, including death, should be considered. Monitor patients closely for need of emergency cardiorespiratory support.

In patients with chronically reduced renal function, acute kidney injury requiring dialysis has occurred with the use of GBCAs. The risk of acute kidney injury may increase with increasing dose of the contrast agent; administer the lowest dose necessary for adequate imaging. Screen all patients for renal impairment by obtaining a history and/or laboratory tests. Consider follow-up renal function assessments for patients with a history of renal dysfunction.

Ensure catheter and venous patency before the injection of Dotarem. Extravasation into tissues during Dotarem administration may result in tissue irritation.

The most common adverse reactions associated with Dotarem in clinical studies were nausea, headache, injection site pain, injection site coldness, and burning sensation.

For more information about Dotarem, including Boxed WARNING, please see the Full Prescribing Information and Brief Summary attached to this press release.

“We are very pleased to have been selected through Novation’s new technology process and are eager to provide the broad range of members served by Novation an alternative like Dotarem, the first and only FDA approved macrocyclic and ionic GBCA”, said Massimo Carrara, general manager, Guerbet US.

About Guerbet

A pioneer in the field of contrast agents with more than 80 years of experience, Guerbet is the only pharmaceutical group fully dedicated to medical imaging worldwide. As such it has a complete offering of contrast products for X-ray and MRI and for interventional radiology, along with a range of injectors and related medical equipment to provide improved diagnosis and treatment of patients.

To promote the discovery of new products and assure future growth, Guerbet devotes significant resources to research and development every year (approximately 10% of sales). Guerbet (GBT) is listed on NYSE Euronext Paris (Eurolist Segment B – Mid Caps) and had sales of EUR403 million in 2012 with a total workforce of 1,400 employees. Guerbet also markets Hexabrix(®) (Ioxaglate Meglumine 39.3% and Ioxaglate Sodium 19.6%) Injection , Oxilan(®) (Ioxilan) Injection, Lipiodol(®) (Ethiodized Oil) Injection contrast agents in the US.

About Novation

Winner of the Ethics Inside(®) Certification

Founded in 1998, Novation is the leading health care supply chain expertise, analytics and contracting company for the more than 65,000 members and affiliates of VHA Inc. and UHC, two national health care alliances, Children’s Hospital Association, an alliance of the nation’s leading pediatric facilities, and Provista, LLC.

Novation provides alliance members with sourcing services, as well as information and data services. Based in Irving, Texas, Novation develops and manages competitive contracts with more than 600 suppliers. VHA, UHC, and Provista members used Novation contracts to purchase approximately $43 billion in 2012.

Novation has earned the coveted Ethics Inside(®) Certification from Ethisphere Institute, a leading international think tank dedicated to the research and promotion of best practices in corporate ethics and compliance. Novation also was named on Ethisphere’s World’s Most Ethical Companies list, and is the only company in the health care industry to earn both distinctions for two consecutive years.

To learn more about Novation, please visit www.novationco.com and follow @NovationNews.

This press release may contain forward-looking statements based on current assumptions and forecasts made by Guerbet Group management. Various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could lead to material differences between the actual future results, financial situation, development or performances of the company and the estimates given here. These factors include those discussed in Guerbet’s public reports which are available on the Guerbet website at www.guerbet.com. The company assumes no liability whatsoever to update these forward-looking-statements or to conform them to future events or developments.

Dotarem(®) is registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office by Guerbet and is available by prescription only.

DOTAREM(®) (gadoterate meglumine) injection, for intravenous use

Initial U.S. Approval: 2013

BRIEF SUMMARY OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

CONSULT PACKAGE INSERT FOR FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION


    WARNING: NEPHROGENIC SYSTEMIC FIBROSIS
     (NSF)

    Gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs)
     increase the risk for NSF among patients
     with impaired elimination of the drugs.
     Avoid use of GBCAs in these patients
     unless the diagnostic information is
     essential and not available with non-
     contrasted MRI or other modalities. NSF
     may result in fatal or debilitating
     fibrosis affecting the skin, muscle and
     internal organs.

    ·   The risk for NSF appears highest among
     patients with:

    o  Chronic, severe kidney disease (GFR < 30
     mL/min/1.73m(2)), or

    o  Acute kidney injury.

    ·   Screen patients for acute kidney injury
     and other conditions that may reduce renal
     function. For patients at risk for
     chronically reduced renal function (e.g.
     age > 60 years, hypertension, diabetes),
     estimate the glomerular filtration rate
     (GFR) through laboratory testing (5.1).

    ·   For patients at highest risk for NSF,
     do not exceed the recommended DOTAREM dose
     and allow a sufficient period of time for
     elimination of the drug from the body
     prior to any re-administration [see
     Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
    -------------------------------------------

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

DOTAREM is a gadolinium-based contrast agent indicated for intravenous use with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in brain (intracranial), spine and associated tissues in adult and pediatric patients (2 years of age and older) to detect and visualize areas with disruption of the blood brain barrier (BBB) and/or abnormal vascularity. (1)

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

History of clinically important hypersensitivity reactions to DOTAREM. (4)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis

Gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) increase the risk for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) among patients with impaired elimination of the drugs. Avoid use of GBCAs among these patients unless the diagnostic information is essential and not available with non-contrast MRI or other modalities. The GBCA-associated NSF risk appears highest for patients with chronic, severe kidney disease (GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73m(2)) as well as patients with acute kidney injury. The risk appears lower for patients with chronic, moderate kidney disease (GFR 30 - 59 mL/min/1.73m(2)) and little, if any, for patients with chronic, mild kidney disease (GFR 60 – 89 mL/min/1.73m(2)). NSF may result in fatal or debilitating fibrosis affecting the skin, muscle and internal organs. Report any diagnosis of NSF following DOTAREM administration to Guerbet LLC (1-877-729-6679) or FDA (1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch).

Screen patients for acute kidney injury and other conditions that may reduce renal function. Features of acute kidney injury consist of rapid (over hours to days) and usually reversible decrease in kidney function, commonly in the setting of surgery, severe infection, injury or drug-induced kidney toxicity. Serum creatinine levels and estimated GFR may not reliably assess renal function in the setting of acute kidney injury. For patients at risk for chronically reduced renal function (e.g., age > 60 years, diabetes mellitus or chronic hypertension), estimate the GFR through laboratory testing.

Among the factors that may increase the risk for NSF are repeated or higher than recommended doses of a GBCA and the degree of renal impairment at the time of exposure. Record the specific GBCA and the dose administered to a patient. For patients at highest risk for NSF, do not exceed the recommended DOTAREM dose and allow a sufficient period of time for elimination of the drug prior to re-administration. For patients receiving hemodialysis, physicians may consider the prompt initiation of hemodialysis following the administration of a GBCA in order to enhance the contrast agent’s elimination. The usefulness of hemodialysis in the prevention of NSF is unknown [see Dosage and Administration (2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12)].

5.2 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions have been reported with DOTAREM, involving cardiovascular, respiratory, and/or cutaneous manifestations. Some patients experienced circulatory collapse and died. In most cases, initial symptoms occurred within minutes of DOTAREM administration and resolved with prompt emergency treatment [see Adverse Reactions (6)].

    --  Before DOTAREM administration, assess all patients for any history of a
        reaction to contrast media, bronchial asthma and/or allergic disorders.
        These patients may have an increased risk for a hypersensitivity
        reaction to DOTAREM.
    --  Administer DOTAREM only in situations where trained personnel and
        therapies are promptly available for the treatment of hypersensitivity
        reactions, including personnel trained in resuscitation.
    --  During and following DOTAREM administration, observe patients for signs
        and symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions.

5.3 Acute Kidney Injury

In patients with chronically reduced renal function, acute kidney injury requiring dialysis has occurred with the use of GBCAs. The risk of acute kidney injury may increase with increasing dose of the contrast agent; administer the lowest dose necessary for adequate imaging. Screen all patients for renal impairment by obtaining a history and/or laboratory tests. Consider follow-up renal function assessments for patients with a history of renal dysfunction.

5.4 Extravasation and Injection Site Reactions

Ensure catheter and venous patency before the injection of DOTAREM. Extravasation into tissues during DOTAREM administration may result in tissue irritation [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

GBCAs have been associated with a risk for NSF [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. NSF has not been reported in patients with a clear history of exposure to DOTAREM alone. For hypersensitivity reactions and acute kidney injury see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and (5.3).

6.1 Clinical Studies Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The data described below reflect DOTAREM exposure in 2813 patients, representing 2672 adults and 141 pediatric patients. Overall, 55% of the patients were men. In clinical trials where ethnicity was recorded the ethnic distribution was 74% Caucasian, 12% Asian, 4% Black, and 10% others. The average age was 53 years (range from 0.1 to 97 years).

Overall, 3.9% of patients reported at least one adverse reaction, primarily occurring immediately or several days following DOTAREM administration. Most adverse reactions were mild or moderate in severity and transient in nature.

Table 1 lists adverse reactions that occurred in >= 0.2% patients who received DOTAREM.

Table 1: Adverse Reactions in Clinical Trials


    Reaction                Rate (%) n =
                            2813
    --------               ------------

    Nausea                           0.6%
    ------                           ---

    Headache                         0.5%
    --------                         ---

    Injection Site Pain              0.4%
    -------------------              ---

    Injection Site
     Coldness                        0.2%
    --------------                   ---

    Burning Sensation                0.2%
    -----------------                ---

Adverse reactions that occurred with a frequency < 0.2% in patients who received DOTAREM include: feeling cold, rash, somnolence, fatigue, dizziness, vomiting, pruritus, paresthesia, dysgeusia, pain in extremity, anxiety, hypertension, palpitations, oropharyngeal discomfort, serum creatinine increased and injection site reactions, including site inflammation, extravasation, pruritus, and warmth.

Adverse Reactions in Pediatric Patients

During clinical trials, 141 pediatric patients (7 aged < 24 months, 33 aged 2 – 5 years, 58 aged 6 – 11 years and 43 aged 12 ?17) received DOTAREM. Overall, 6 pediatric patients (4.3%) reported at least one adverse reaction following DOTAREM administration. The most frequently reported adverse reaction was headache (1.5%). Most adverse events were mild in severity and transient in nature, and all patients recovered without treatment.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified during postmarketing use of DOTAREM. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

    --  bradycardia, tachycardia, arrhythmia
    --  hypersensitivity / anaphylactoid reactions including cardiac arrest,
        respiratory arrest, cyanosis, pharyngeal edema, laryngospasm,
        bronchospasm, angioedema, conjunctivitis, ocular hyperemia, eyelid
        edema, lacrimation increased, hyperhidrosis, urticaria
    --  coma, convulsion, syncope, presyncope, parosmia, tremor
    --  muscle contracture, muscle weakness
    --  diarrhea, salivary hypersecretion
    --  malaise, fever
    --  NSF, in patients whose reports were confounded by the receipt of other
        GBCAs or in situations where receipt of other GBCAs could not be ruled
        out. No unconfounded cases of NSF have been reported with DOTAREM.
    --  superficial phlebitis

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

DOTAREM does not interfere with serum and plasma calcium measurements determined by colorimetric assays. Specific drug interaction studies with DOTAREM have not been conducted.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with DOTAREM conducted in pregnant women. Limited published human data on exposure to other GBCAs during pregnancy did not show adverse effects in exposed neonates. No effects on embryo fetal development were observed in rats or rabbits at doses up to 10 mmol/kg/day in rats or 3 mmol/kg/day in rabbits. The doses in rats and rabbits were respectively 16 and 10 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area. DOTAREM should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

While it is unknown if DOTAREM crosses the human placenta, other GBCAs do cross the placenta in humans and result in fetal exposure.

Reproductive and developmental toxicity studies were conducted with gadoterate meglumine in rats and rabbits. Gadoterate meglumine was administered intravenously in doses of 0, 2, 4 and 10 mmol/kg/day (or 3.2, 6.5 and 16.2 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area) to female rats for 14 days before mating throughout the mating period and until gestation day (GD) 17. Pregnant rabbits were intravenously administered gadoterate meglumine at the dose levels of 0, 1, 3 and 7 mmol/kg/day (or 3.3, 10 and 23 times the human doses based on body surface area) from GD6 to GD19. No effects on embryo fetal development were observed in rats or rabbits at doses up to 10 mmol/kg/day in rats or 3 mmol/kg/day in rabbits. Maternal toxicity was observed in rats at 10 mmol/kg/day (or 16 times the human dose based on body surface area) and in rabbits at 7 mmol/kg/day (23 times the human dose based on body surface area).

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether DOTAREM is excreted in human milk. Limited case reports on use of GBCAs in nursing mothers indicate that 0.01 to 0.04% of the maternal gadolinium dose is excreted in human breast milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, exercise caution when DOTAREM is administered to a nursing woman. Nonclinical data show that gadoterate meglumine is excreted into breast milk in very small amounts (< 0.1% of the dose intravenously administered) and absorption via the gastrointestinal tract is poor.

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and efficacy of DOTAREM at a single dose of 0.1 mmol/kg have been established in pediatric patients from 2 to 17 years of age. No dosage adjustment according to age is necessary in this population [See Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Clinical Studies (14)]. The safety and efficacy of DOTAREM have not been established in pediatric patients below 2 years of age. GFR does not reach adult levels until 1 year of age [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

8.5 Geriatric Use

In clinical studies of DOTAREM, 900 patients were 65 years of age and over, and 312 patients were 75 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or efficacy were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. In general, use of DOTAREM in elderly patients should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of impaired renal function and concomitant disease or other drug therapy. No age-related dosage adjustment is necessary.

8.6 Renal Impairment

No DOTAREM dosage adjustment is recommended for patients with renal impairment. Gadoterate meglumine can be removed from the body by hemodialysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

10 OVERDOSAGE

DOTAREM administered to healthy volunteers and to patients at cumulative doses up to 0.3 mmol/kg was tolerated in a manner similar to lower doses. Adverse reactions to overdosage with DOTAREM have not been reported. Gadoterate meglumine can be removed from the body by hemodialysis [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of gadoterate meglumine.

Gadoterate meglumine did not demonstrate mutagenic potential in in vitro bacterial reverse mutation assays (Ames test) using Salmonella typhimurium, in an in vitro chromosome aberration assay in Chinese hamster ovary cells, in an in vitro gene mutation assay in Chinese hamster lung cells, nor in an in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.

No impairment of male or female fertility and reproductive performance was observed in rats after intravenous administration of gadoterate meglumine at the maximum tested dose of 10 mmol/kg/day (16 times the maximum human dose based on surface area), given during more than 9 weeks in males and more than 4 weeks in females. Sperm counts and sperm motility were not adversely affected by treatment with the drug.

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

Local intolerance reactions, including moderate irritation associated with infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed after perivenous injection in rabbits suggesting the possibility of local irritation if the contrast medium leaks around the veins in a clinical setting [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1 Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis

Instruct patients to inform their healthcare provider if they:

    --  have a history of kidney disease, or
    --  have recently received a GBCA.

GBCAs increase the risk for NSF among patients with impaired elimination of the drugs. To counsel patients at risk for NSF:

    --  Describe the clinical manifestations of NSF.
    --  Describe procedures to screen for the detection of renal impairment.

Instruct the patients to contact their physician if they develop signs or symptoms of NSF following DOTAREM administration, such as burning, itching, swelling, scaling, hardening and tightening of the skin; red or dark patches on the skin; stiffness in joints with trouble moving, bending or straightening the arms, hands, legs or feet; pain in the hip bones or ribs; or muscle weakness.

17.2 Common Adverse Reactions

Inform patients that they may experience:

    --  Reactions along the venous injection site, such as mild and transient
        burning or pain or feeling of warmth or coldness at the injection site.
    --  Side effects of headache, nausea, abnormal taste and feeling hot.

17.3 General Precautions

Instruct patients receiving DOTAREM to inform their physician if they:

    --  Are pregnant or breastfeeding.
    --  Have a history of allergic reaction to contrast media, bronchial asthma
        or allergy.
    --  Are taking any medications.

Rx Only

Guerbet LLC

120 W 7(th) Street. Suite 108

Bloomington, IN 47404

Pre-filled syringes manufactured by Catalent, Belgium for Guerbet

Vials manufactured by Recipharm, France for Guerbet

GU06131043

Revised 06/2013

SOURCE Guerbet LLC, USA


Source: PR Newswire