Quantcast

Are Almonds An Optimal Snack?

April 25, 2014
Image Credit: Thinkstock.com

Almonds examined for effects on diet quality, appetite, adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk factors at Experimental Biology 2014

MODESTO, Calif., April 25, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — Six new almond-related research studies will be presented next week in San Diego at the American Society of Nutrition (ASN)’s Scientific Sessions and Annual Meeting, held in conjunction with Experimental Biology 2014 (EB). The conference attracts an international audience of approximately 13,000 leading scientists specializing in various health disciplines.

The science presented will reveal new insights on the effects of almond consumption on overall diet quality and health status, abdominal adiposity, measures of appetite and satiety, and cardiovascular risk factors.

“Presenting new research to this audience of scientists and health professionals is critical to turning the findings into practical application and recommendations,” said Dr. Karen Lapsley, Chief Science Officer for the Almond Board of California. “These results help to advance the evolution of our understanding of almonds’ beneficial effects as part of a healthy diet.” In a satellite session on Sunday, April 27(i), researchers will explore the question, “Are Almonds an Optimal Snack?” a hot topic given that snacking has become a way of life for most Americans. In fact, 97% of Americans report eating at least one snack a day, with 40% consuming three to four snacks per day(ii), so understanding and education about smart snacking is increasingly important.

    --  Dr. Carol O'Neil of Louisiana State University will present a new
        analysis of 24,808 adults 19 and older, using National Health and
        Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2000-2010 showing that almond
        consumers (n=395; defined as those who reported eating any amount of
        almonds or almond butter in the previous 24 hours) had increased
        nutrient intake, improved overall dietary quality and better
        physiological status compared with non-almond consumers.(iii) This is a
        cross-sectional study; therefore, the data cannot be used to draw causal
        relationships, but suggests an association between almond consumption
        and positive health status.
    --  Many commonly consumed snack foods are nutrient-poor and elicit weak
        dietary compensation. Dr. Richard Mattes from Purdue University examined
        the effects of snacking on nutrient-rich almonds in 137 adult
        participants at risk for Type II diabetes.(iv) Consuming 1.5 ounces of
        dry-roasted, lightly salted almonds daily helped curb participants'
        appetites and moderate blood glucose concentrations, while significantly
        improving vitamin E and monounsaturated fat intake. After a month of
        snacking on 250 calories from almonds daily, participants did not gain
        weight. While the study was only four weeks long, it suggests that
        snacking on almonds could be a weight-wise strategy.
    --  Dr. Penny-Kris Etherton from Pennsylvania State University will be
        sharing results from a new randomized, controlled clinical study
        examining the effects of consuming 1.5 ounces of almonds vs. a
        calorie-matched, high carbohydrate snack on body weight in 52 adults
        with elevated LDL cholesterol.(v) Total body weight did not differ
        between the two treatments, but the almond diet reduced overall
        abdominal mass, abdominal fat mass, and waist circumference compared to
        the high-carbohydrate snack. Although the study was just six weeks long,
        preliminary results suggest that snacking on almonds may help decrease
        abdominal fat, an important risk factor for metabolic syndrome.

Additional research examining the relationship between almond consumption and cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors will be showcased in a number of poster presentations at the conference:

    --  A randomized, parallel-arm controlled study investigated the effects of
        adding 1.5 ounces of almonds daily to the diets of adult subjects with
        poorly controlled type II diabetes on C-reactive protein - without any
        dietary advice provided.(vi)
    --  Another crossover, randomized clinical trial examined the metabolic
        response of 2 ounces of almonds compared to dairy fat in isocaloric and
        equal macronutrient meals consumed by overweight/obese pregnant women.
        Preliminary results suggest that almonds may help improve satiety,
        reduce appetite, and may help promote healthy weight gain during
        pregnancy, although further research is needed.(vii)

The body of evidence that will be presented suggests snacking can be a weight-wise strategy, depending upon the foods consumed. The nutrient profile of almonds – low on the glycemic index and providing a powerful nutrient package including hunger-fighting protein (6 g/oz), filling dietary fiber (4 g/oz), “good” monounsaturated fats (13 g/oz)(viii), and important vitamins and minerals such as vitamin E (7.4 mg/oz), magnesium (200 mg/oz) and potassium (77 mg/oz), makes them a satisfying, heart-smart (viii) snack choice that can help support a healthy weight.

The research presented reflects the Almond Board of California’s strong commitment to the advancement of nutrition science. Lapsley said, “To date, the California almond industry has invested over $15 million in nutrition research that has resulted in more than 100 papers published by internationally recognized scientists in peer review journals. The Almond Board of California is proud to present science at the elite level of Experimental Biology.”

California Almonds are a natural, wholesome and quality food product, making almonds California’s leading agricultural export in terms of value. The Almond Board of California promotes almonds through its research-based approach to all aspects of marketing, farming and production on behalf of the more than 6,000 California Almond growers and processors, many of whom are multi-generational family operations. Established in 1950 and based in Modesto, California, the Almond Board of California is a non-profit organization that administers a grower-enacted Federal Marketing Order under the supervision of the United States Department of Agriculture. For more information on the Almond Board of California or almonds, visit www.AlmondBoard.com.

    __________________________

    i O'Neil CE, Mattes R, Kris-Etherton P. Are almonds an optimal
     snack? New research on the health effects of almonds. American
     Society for Nutrition Sponsored Satellite Program, Experimental
     Biology 2014, San Diego, CA, held April 27, 2014.

    ii Piernas C, Popkin BM. Snacking increased among U.S. adults between
     1977 and 2006. J Nutr  2010; 140:325-332.

    iii Consumption of almonds is associated with increased nutrient
     intake, better diet quality, and better physiological status in
     adult participants (19+ y) from the NHANES (2001-2010). Papanikolaou
     Y, O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA., Fulgoni VL. Program No: 810.17; Poster
     session: C120.

    iv Effects of almonds as a snack or meal accompaniment on appetite,
     glycemia and body weight. Tan S-Y and Mattes RD. Experimental
     Biology 2014; Abstract No. 1927, Program No: 641.9; Poster
     presentation.

    v Daily almond consumption (1.5 oz./d) decreases abdominal and leg
     adiposity in mildly hypercholesterolemic individuals. Berryman, CE,
     et al. Experimental Biology 2014, Program No: 117.8 ; Oral
     presentation.

    vi Almond supplementation without dietary advice significantly
     reduces C-reactive protein in subjects with poorly-controlled type
     2 diabetes. Sweazea K.L., Johnston C.S., Ricklefs, K., Petersen, K.,
     Alanbagy, S. Program No: 830.24 ; Poster session: C386

    vii The Effect of Almond Consumption on Satiety and the Postprandial
     Metabolic Response in High-Risk Pregnant Women. Henderson, M.N.
     Henderson, Sawrey-Kubicek, L., Mauldin, K. King, J.C. Program No:
     1040.5 ; Poster session: C289

    viii Good news about almonds and heart health. Scientific evidence
     suggests, but does not prove, that eating 1.5 ounces of most nuts,
     such as almonds, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and
     cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease. One serving on
     almonds (28g) has 13g of unsaturated fat and only 1g of saturated
     fat.

SOURCE Almond Board of California


Source: PR Newswire



comments powered by Disqus