November 27, 2008

People with diabetes risk don’t know it

Most Americans at risk for type 2 diabetes -- 83 percent -- are not taking the most basic steps to determine if they are at risk, a survey indicates.

The survey, commissioned by the National Changing Diabetes Program and Fleishman-Hillard Inc., determined that 131 million Americans are at risk for type 2 diabetes and should be tested -- based on American Diabetes Association guidelines.

People 45 years and older, and those who are younger than 45, are overweight and have one additional risk factor, such as high blood pressure or a history of heart disease, are considered at risk and should be tested.

Minority populations, who often have a higher risk of diabetes, are among those groups in most need of support to meet the National Diabetes Goal -- by 2015, 45 percent of Americans who are at risk for type 2 diabetes will know their blood glucose level and what actions to take. The survey also found:

-- 42 percent of at-risk Hispanics do not meet any element of the National Diabetes Goal while 44 percent of at-risk African-Americans did not meet any element.

-- 56 percent of Hispanics should be tested and 59 percent of African-Americans are at risk for diabetes and should talk to their doctor about being tested.

-- Six out of 10 at-risk Hispanics recall being tested.

The survey of 3,269 of U.S. adults was conducted April 11 and 20 and has a margin of error of 2 percentage points.