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Post-communist economy takes toll

January 22, 2009

Male mortality rose 42 percent from 1989 and 2002 in Russia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, London researchers said.

Researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge analyzed mortality rates of men ages 15-69 in post-communist countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union between 1989 and 2002.

The researchers found that mass privatization programs were associated with a rise of 12.8 percent in short-term adult male mortality rates. They suggest unemployment, which rose by 56 percent during the period, was probably a key factor.

The five countries implemented shock rapid privatization, but other countries which adopted slower rates of change fared much better. The five best-performing countries were Albania, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovenia, which saw a 10 percent fall in male mortality and a 2 percent rise in unemployment.

In addition to unemployment, other factors found to be associated with a rise in male mortality rates were stress, a decrease in the quality of healthcare, rising social inequalities, social disorganization and increased corruption, the study said.

The findings are published in the Lancet.


Source: upi



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