July 21, 2009

Moms That Were Spanked Tend To Spank Infants

A new study indicates that moms who suffered physical abuse or other violent experiences in childhood are more likely to spank their infants than those moms that did not suffer these adverse childhood experiences.

Dr. Esther K. Chung from Jefferson Pediatrics/duPont Children's Health Program in Philadelphia told Reuters Health that this study provides more evidence that a mother's past experiences in her own childhood have a "huge impact on how she approaches her own children."

Among a group of 1265 women studied, which was mostly black, single, low-income mothers of infants up to 11 months old, Chung and colleagues discovered that 19% said they "valued" corporal punishment as a means of discipline and 14% said they spank their infants.

"We were pretty surprised, actually, to find the high prevalence of infant spanking because, on average, the children were about 9 months old and to think that children that young are being hit is disturbing," Chung said.

The findings were reported in the latest issue of the journal Pediatrics.

"What's hopeful," Chung noted, "is that not all the mothers who were exposed to this kind of adversity end up using infant spanking."

She and colleagues say that on the other hand, it is "striking" that even among mothers who were not physically abused in childhood, 1 in 10 reported to spank their infants.

They warn that spanking an infant might lead to the child having an increased risk of behavior problems, low self-esteem, depression, drug abuse and physical abuse of their own children.

"Experts agree," Chung told Reuters Health, "that there are no benefits to infant spanking and there actually are harmful effects."

She said healthcare providers should ask pregnant women or new parents about their childhood experiences and their attitudes about spanking. 

"As healthcare professionals, we ask about the pregnancy and we often ask about the family structure but we probably don't do enough discussion about the mother's past," Chung said.


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