Writing Checks That Bounce: World Continues To Backtrack On HIV Treatment
Activists at the International AIDS Conference in Vienna are charging developed and developing country governments with writing checques that bounce to the millions of people in need of lifesaving HIV treatment. Despite the gains in treatment numbers reported by WHO, the International Treatment Preparedness Coalition’s (ITPC), latest report, Rationing Funds, Risking Lives, documents early warnings of the global pullback on AIDS commitment and funding: caps on the number of people enrolled on treatment, more frequent drug stock-outs, and national AIDS budgets falling short.
“AIDS is not over. ITPC’s report clearly shows that the response is being starved, not over- funded. Governments, North and South, cannot afford to put the clock back and return us to the days when HIV was a death sentence,” said Aditi Sharma of ITPC, coordinator of the report.
About Rationing Funds, Risking Lives
Our six-country research shows that programs that have achieved hard-won successes against AIDS are now being starved of financial support””which dooms the goals of achieving universal access to HIV treatment, prevention and care, meeting the MDGs by 2015, and building stronger health systems.
In several countries, the financial sustainability of currently inadequate AIDS treatment programs is in question. PLHIV are struggling to cover the many uncovered costs of OI medications, medical consultations, transport costs, food, and second-line medications, while laws to protect vulnerable and marginalized groups like MSM and sex workers are still lacking, PLHIV encounter discrimination in health care settings, and countries continue to give confusing advice about infant feeding and use single-dose nevirapine to prevent vertical transmission of HIV contrary to WHO guidelines.
If this trend continues, the result will be suffering and death for millions of people around the world currently living with HIV and the millions more who will be newly infected this year and the years to come.
AIDS is not over. World leaders who rushed to plow money and effort into bailing out the financial institutions that caused the global economic crisis cannot justify shortchanging a crisis that kills over 5,000 people each day.
AIDS FUNDING CUTBACKS
Writing Cheques That Bounce
G8 and the Global Fund
Promised: $10 billion a year
Delivered: $3 billion a year
2001: Created with the full support of the G8 club of rich nations, the Global Fund was intended to be a “war chest” worth $10 billion a year.
2008: Paltry donations followed the bold promises and by 2008, donors scraped together only $3 billion a year.1 In 2009, ambitious and sound proposals from developing countries were met with “efficiency” or budget cuts of 10-25%.
2011-2013: In March 2010, the Global Fund estimated that it would need $20 billion over the next three years if it is to expand its funding and help meet the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Donors are using the global economic crisis as an excuse to continue short-changing the fund. Some warn that raising even $13 billion (the lowest scenario, which would mean a dramatic slow down in pace of delivery) is a “huge stretch.”
President Obama and PEPFAR
Promised: $48 billion over 5 years
Delivered: Flatlined funding trajectory
2007: Barack Obama pledges $50 billion over five years for PEPFAR during his campaign.2
2008: U.S. Congress commits to $48 billion over five years in bipartisan legislation endorsed by candidates Obama, McCain and Clinton.
2010: The global economic crisis is being used as an excuse to flatline PEPFAR funds compared to much higher year-on-year increases in previous years, especially from
2006-2009. The effects are already visible with new patients being turned away from treatment in PEPFAR-funded programs in Africa.
2001: In the Abuja Declaration, African leaders pledged to allocate at least 15% of their annual budgets to health spending.
2007: Of the 52 nations, only three countries (Botswana, Djibouti and Rwanda) attained the target in 2007, while three others (Burkina Faso, Liberia and Malawi) attained the target for some of the period between 2001-2007, leaving 46 countries that have yet to fulfil their commitment even once.
President Obama and the Global Fund
2007: During his campaign, Barack Obama pledges to contribute the United States’ fair share to the Global Fund.3
2010-11: U.S. Congress allocates $1.05 billion to the Global Fund, which is about $1.7 billion less than the country’s fair share towards the Fund’s overall needs. In 2011, President Obama is proposing to cut funding to the Global Fund and provide only $1 billion.
Prime Minister Gordon Brown and the Global Fund
Gordon Brown was the UK finance minister when Prime Minister Tony Blair led the 2005 G8 Summit to commit to universal access to HIV treatment by 2010. But once again money did not follow words.
The United Kingdom has committed £1 billion to the Global Fund for the period 2008-2015. This long-term commitment sets a commendable precedent, but the UK is still not paying its fair share. According to the Stop AIDS Campaign UK, the country needs to almost double its annual commitment to contribute its fair share (a total of £827 million, or $1.27 billion) of the $20 billion needed by the Global Fund in 2011-13.4
Excluding funding from the Gates Foundation (which contributed to an overall increase), estimated expenditures by U.S.-based philanthropies remained flat from 2006 to 2007 and decreased slightly (by approximately 3%) from 2007 to 2008.5
Total funding for HIV/AIDS by European-based philanthropies was lower in 2008 compared with 2007 by approximately &eur;1.7 million (1%), and total funding has decreased by approximately &eur;5 million (7%) since 2006.6
FIVE CURRENT MYTHS V. CURRENT REALITIES:
1. Myth: Too much money is being spent on AIDS
Reality: Funding for AIDS is billions of dollars short of what is needed:7
* Needed in 2010: $25.1 billion
* Invested in 2008: $13.7 billion
* Funding gap for 2010: $11.4 billion””assuming the world maintains its pre-economic crisis commitment to AIDS.
2. Myth: Money spent on AIDS is at the expense of other health needs or investment in health systems
Reality: The total amount of development assistance for health quadrupled from $5.6 billion in 1990 to $21.8 billion in 20078″”much of this catalyzed by the increased funding and commitments to HIV/AIDS.
Although the Global Fund and PEPFAR are among the largest global AIDS funders, they are also some of the biggest investors in health systems, with 35%9 and 32%10 of their respective funding devoted specifically to health systems strengthening.
3. Myth: Strengthening health systems alone will help address health problems including AIDS
Reality: Strong health systems alone do not guarantee equitable and universal health care. Past public health approaches failed to reach the most marginalized””women, MSM, sex workers, IDUs, the very poor and those living in rural areas. Health systems need both breadth and focus.
4. Myth: Prevention is more important than treatment
Reality: Activists never pit prevention and treatment against each other””on the ground they work together. Treatment can enable more effective prevention by reducing transmission and encouraging testing and prevention makes treatment affordable.
5. Myth: AIDS has been addressed unlike maternal health or other diseases
Reality: The AIDS crisis is not over. AIDS activists have been the most effective advocates for health in history. The energy and passion of AIDS activists can be used to build stronger health systems, and tackle maternal and child health””since all these issues are interlinked in the first place. Let’s stop pitting disease against disease.
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