Argos Therapeutics’ Immunotherapy Platform Based on Recombinant Human Soluble CD83 Demonstrates Significant Promise For Solid Organ Transplantation
DURHAM, N.C., May 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/ — Argos Therapeutics today announced that its immunotherapy platform based on recombinant human soluble CD83 demonstrated significant promise for renal and heart transplantation.
Two studies were presented at the 2011 American Transplant Congress meeting in Philadelphia. The first presentation, titled “Enrichment of Regulatory T Cells by Soluble CD83 Associated with Induction of Kidney Allograft Tolerance,” detailed the indirect mechanism by which regulatory T cells are induced in mouse kidney recipients and their central role in preventing organ rejection. The second presentation, titled, “Soluble CD83 Mediated Suppression of B-Cell Response Prolongs Cardiac Allograft Survival,” focused on CD83′s ability to modulate antibody mediated rejection in mouse heart transplant recipients.
“The in vivo activity of soluble CD83 continues to be impressive, particularly in its ability to specifically block anti-graft antibodies,” said Charles Nicolette, Ph.D., chief scientific officer and vice president of research and development of Argos. “This is the first demonstration of inhibiting specific antibody responses without global B cell depletion. Now, we have a greater understanding of how CD83 contributes to graft survival without requiring chronic administration or inducing global immunosuppression. This reinforces the potential role of our technology in addressing this unmet medical need.”
In vivo results from two other studies published in the December 2010 issue of the journal Transplantation showed that CD83 induced kidney allograft tolerance and attenuated both innate and adaptive immune responses preventing chronic renal allograft rejection. In the first study, rat renal transplants were performed to examine both the acute and chronic effects of peritransplant CD83 treatment. Rat recipients treated exhibited a marked decrease in immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG deposition in the graft and antidonor antibody levels in the circulation, as early as preoperative day (POD)14 and persisting until POD 140. CD83 treatment also reduced the infiltration of T cells and monocytes into the graft tissue and inhibited intragraft expression of myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 and inflammatory cytokine levels during the observation period. CD83-treated grafts demonstrated normal histology beyond POD 140, including dramatic reductions in tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis compared with untreated recipients.
In the second study, life-supporting orthotopic kidney transplantation was performed in a mouse model. The study group was treated with CD83 and was compared with untreated controls. Mice treated with CD83 achieved kidney allograft tolerance (>100 days), with negligible antidonor antibody detected. In contrast, kidney grafts in untreated recipients demonstrated severe rejection after 35 days, characterized by cellular infiltration, interstitial hemorrhage and edema, and glomerular and tubular necrosis, as well as high antidonor antibody titers. In addition, splenic dendritic cells (DCs) of tolerant recipients exhibited significantly decreased levels of surface major histocompatibility complex class II, CD40, CD80, and intracellular interleukin-12, as well as reduced allogeneic stimulatory capacity. Adoptive transfer of CD11c+ DCs from tolerant CD83-treated animals induced kidney allograft tolerance in syngeneic recipients. Blocking indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase with 1-methyl-tryptophan (15 mg/mouse/day; gavage) prevented the immunosuppressive effect of CD83, abrogating CD83-induced Tol-DCs and graft tolerance, and leading to acute kidney graft rejection in 22 days.
“Combining our knowledge of dendritic cells and expertise in immunology to develop an immunotherapy platform based on CD83 may lead to an effective therapy for solid organ transplantation,” said Jeff Abbey, president and chief executive officer of Argos. “We intend to move into clinical trials to further test the safety and efficacy of our CD83 platform. Argos is also developing an anti-interferon-alpha monoclonal antibody that is in a Phase 1 clinical trial in patients with lupus.”
About Argos Therapeutics, Inc.
Argos is an immunotherapy company developing new treatments for cancer, infectious and autoimmune diseases and transplantation rejection. The Company has generated multiple platform technologies and a diverse pipeline of products based on its expertise in the biology of dendritic cells — the master switch that turns the immune system on or off. www.argostherapeutics.com
SOURCE Argos Therapeutics, Inc.