May 26, 2011
Effects Of Celiac Disease On Bone Mineral Density Are Pronounced In Lumbar Spine Than Femoral Neck
Patients with celiac disease are more than 4.5 times more likely to develop osteoporosis compared to healthy people in an age and gender matched cohort with no identifiable risk factors for osteoporosis, according to a study presented today at the EULAR 2011 Annual Congress.
The British study of 1,030 people compares the extent of bone mineral density (BMD)* loss "“ a common measure of osteoporosis "“ in two physical locations in the body. The results demonstrated that the mean BMD of the lumbar spine in patients with coeliac disease was significantly different when compared to the control group (1.79 (95% CI 1.32, 2.44)), however not for the femoral neck vs. control (1.52 (95% CI 0.86, 2.67)).
The authors from Lancaster and the Liverpool area collected results of DEXA scans (used to measure BMD) from 1,030 patients with coeliac disease between June 2004 and September 2007. Scan results of the lumbar spine and femoral neck of patients with coeliac disease were compared to a healthy, age and gender matched cohort, with no identifiable risk factors for osteoporosis. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between coeliac disease and BMD results for the lumbar spine and femoral neck in the lowest tertile of the whole study cohort.
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