June 28, 2011

Young Diabetics At Risk For Heart Disease

(Ivanhoe Newswire) --  New research shows that adolescents and young adults with type 1 (juvenile) diabetes have thicker and stiffer carotid arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, a risk factor for heart attack and stroke in adults. This research is believed to be the first to examine whether type 1 diabetes has a measurable effect on carotid arteries in this age group.

"We have new tools for early identification of cardiac and arterial problems in people with type 1 diabetes," Elaine Urbina, MD, a cardiologist at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, was quoted as saying.

"This means we can intensify therapy to improve glycemic control and reduce cardiovascular risk factors, especially obesity, thereby improving cardiovascular outcomes in people with type 1 diabetes.

The researchers studied 162 people between the ages of 17 and 23. Seventy-eight percent had type 1 diabetes and the remainder were the control group. After adjusting for age, race, sex and lipids, people with type 1 diabetes had both thicker and stiffer carotids than the control group.

SOURCE: American Diabetes Association in San Diego on June 27, 2011