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New Study Finds Fewer than Half of Female Teens Have Been Vaccinated for HPV, Thousands of Women Develop Cancer Needlessly: Reaction Statement from TFAH

August 25, 2011

WASHINGTON , Aug. 25, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — Today, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new study, National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years, in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), which finds fewer than half of female teens have been vaccinated against Human papillomavirus (HPV) and, even when female teens begin the vaccination, only two in three complete the series. According to the report, there are also significant racial/ethnic and poverty disparities for HPV vaccination completion rates and in cervical cancer rates, so the disparities in the vaccination rates will continue to compound the disease disparity rates. The following is a statement from Jeff Levi, Ph.D., executive director of the Trust for America’s Health on the new data:

(Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20100204/TFAHLOGO)

“These rates are nothing short of tragic. We could be sparing an entire generation from HPV, which can lead to a range of STDs, cervical cancer and other cancers. While given in teenage years, this vaccine, which is now available free of cost for most teens as part of the prevention benefits in the Affordable Care Act, protects people for their entire lives.

“We need public health officials to begin a major education campaign that overcomes parental misunderstandings about vaccines and the willingness of some policymakers to put the future health of today’s youth at unnecessary risk because of squeamishness about sexually transmitted infections. Approximately 20 million Americans – about five percent of the U.S. population – are currently infected with HPV, and another six million are infected each year.

“Annually, around 12,000 women develop cervical cancer, 3,700 develop vulvar cancer, 1,000 develop vaginal cancer and 2,700 develop anal cancer. According to the National Institutes for Health (NIH), the estimated lifetime total medical cost of HPV infection for men and women aged 15-24 is $2.9 billion, which makes HPV the second most expensive STI after HIV. In addition, the direct medical care costs associated with cervical cancer were estimated to equal $1.7 billion in 1996 dollars, according to the CDC.

“We can spare the next generation this fate and unburden them of significant health care costs, if we pull our heads out of the sand.”

    State HPV Vaccination     Cervical Cancer       Cervical Cancer
           Rates of            Rates per             Deaths  per
          13-17 Year Old       100,000 Population** 100,000 Population***
          Female Adolescents*
    Alabama                 45.8% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
                                                  Rate
    Alaska                  40.8% 4.5 - 6.2       Suppressed
    Arizona                 52.8% 6.3 - 7.5      1.0 - 2.0
    Arkansas                37.9% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
    California              56.1% 7.6 - 8.4      2.1 - 2.4
    Colorado                52.5% 6.3 - 7.5      1.0 - 2.0
    Connecticut             57.9% 6.3 - 7.5      1.0 - 2.0
                                                  Rate
    Delaware                63.9% 8.5 - 11.2      Suppressed
    District of                                   Rate
     Columbia               57.5% 8.5 - 11.2      Suppressed
    Florida                 41.1% 8.5 - 11.2     2.5 - 2.8
    Georgia                 43.5% 7.6 - 8.4      2.9 - 4.2
    Hawaii                  62.7% 6.3 - 7.5      1.0 - 2.0
    Idaho                   38.8% 4.5 - 6.2      2.5 - 2.8
    Illinois                39.7% 7.6 - 8.4      2.5 - 2.8
    Indiana                   37% 6.3 - 7.5      2.5 - 2.8
    Iowa                    48.2% 4.5 - 6.2      2.1-2.4
    Kansas                  40.2% 6.3 - 7.5      1.0 - 2.0
    Kentucky                40.1% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
    Louisiana               54.2% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
    Maine                   54.6% 6.3 - 7.5      2.1 - 2.4
    Maryland                41.6% 6.3 - 7.5      2.1 - 2.4
    Massachusetts           65.9% 4.5 - 6.2      1.0 - 2.0
    Michigan                49.4% 7.6 - 8.4      1.0 - 2.0
    Minnesota               51.3% 4.5 - 6.2      1.0 - 2.0
    Mississippi               34% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
    Missouri                41.4% 7.6 - 8.4      2.5 - 2.8
                                                  Rate
    Montana                 45.5% 4.5 - 6.2       Suppressed
                                                  Rate
    Nebraska                52.3% 7.6 - 8.4       Suppressed
    Nevada                  47.4%           N/A  1.0 - 2.0
    New
     Hampshire              49.6% 4.5 - 6.2      2.1 - 2.4
    New Jersey              35.4% 8.5 - 11.2     2.1 - 2.4
    New Mexico              48.4% 6.3 - 7.5      2.1 - 2.4
    New York                56.2% 7.6 - 8.4      2.5 - 2.8
    North
     Carolina               51.9% 6.3 - 7.5      2.1 - 2.4
                                   Rate           Rate
    North Dakota            41.7%  Suppressed     Suppressed
    Ohio                      44% 6.3 - 7.5      2.5 - 2.8
    Oklahoma                47.4% 8.5 - 11.2     2.5 - 2.8
    Oregon                  54.1% 7.6 - 8.4      1.0 - 2.0
    Pennsylvania            52.3% 7.6 - 8.4      2.1 - 2.4
                                                  Rate
    Rhode Island              73% 6.3 - 7.5       Suppressed
    South
     Carolina               41.5% 7.6 - 8.4      2.9 - 4.2
                                                  Rate
    South Dakota            68.8% 4.5 - 6.2       Suppressed
    Tennessee               33.1% 7.6 - 8.4      2.5 - 2.8
    Texas                   47.5% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
                                                  Rate
    Utah                    39.2% 4.5 - 6.2       Suppressed
                                   Rate           Rate
    Vermont                 49.6%  Suppressed     Suppressed
    Virginia                  54% 4.5 - 6.2      2.5 - 2.8
    Washington              69.3% 4.5 - 6.2      2.1 - 2.4
    West
     Virginia               42.4% 8.5 - 11.2     2.9 - 4.2
    Wisconsin               54.4% 4.5 - 6.2      1.0 - 2.0
                                                  Rate
    Wyoming                 53.2% 4.5 - 6.2       Suppressed

* Greater than or equal to 1 dose of human papillomavirus vaccine, either quadrivalent or bivalent. Percentage reported among females only (n = 9,220). National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years, in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6033a1.htm?s_cid=mm6033a1_w

** Rates are per 100,000 and are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Rates are suppressed if fewer than 16 cases were reported in a state. Source: U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999-2007 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2010. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs.

*** Rates are per 100,000 and are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Rates are suppressed if fewer than 16 cases were reported in a state. Source: U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999-2007 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2010. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs.

Trust for America’s Health is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to saving lives by protecting the health of every community and working to make disease prevention a national priority. www.healthyamericans.org.

SOURCE Trust for America’s Health


Source: PR Newswire