June 19, 2006
UK Doctors Seek Green Light for First Full Face Transplant
By Peter Griffiths
LONDON -- Doctors in Britain will seek approval for the world's first full face transplant from a hospital's ethics panel this week, a spokesman for the research team said on Monday.Surgeons at the Royal Free Hospital in north London are ready to perform the complicated operation but have yet to find a suitable patient.
"We have seen just under 30 people with severe facial injuries, but none of those is in the final assessment program," the spokesman said. "There are many more people to see."
The hospital's committee meets on Wednesday to weigh up the psychological and ethical issues for the potential recipient and the donor's family.
The British team, led by surgeon Peter Butler, says the operation would give patients disfigured by accidents, burns or disease the chance of a normal life.
Critics say patients would struggle to cope with the immense psychological pressure of dealing with their new identity in the glare of the world's media.
Patients may be "highly distressed" by their new appearance and would worry that their body might reject the transplant, according to a report by the Royal College of Surgeons of England published in 2003.
The drugs needed to stop the body rejecting the new face can cause complications such as skin cancer, it said. The procedure is so complicated that patients may be unable to give informed consent.
Doctors have yet to perform a full face transplant, although two patients in China and France have had operations to replace part of their face.
Frenchwoman Isabelle Dinoire received a new nose, lips and chin last November after being mauled by her dog. In April, a Chinese man attacked by a bear had two-thirds of his face replaced during a 14-hour operation, according to the Xinhua news agency.
Those operations sparked a fierce debate about the impact on the patient living with a dead person's face.
The British team has said the donor's face would be unrecognizable after transplant due to their different bone structure.
Research teams around the world are working on the world's first full facial transplantation in what has been dubbed the "Face Race."
The charity Changing Faces, which helps people with disfigurements, said the transplants raised difficult ethical, psychological and technical questions.
"It would be unwise to proceed at speed," a spokeswoman said. "We want some answers to some of these questions."
The Department of Health said it was a matter for the hospital's ethics committee. The hospital declined to comment ahead of the meeting.
The committee may take up to two months to reach a decision and more hearings may be needed when candidates for surgery are found, Butler's spokesman said.