August 24, 2005
U.S. approves full new warhead production
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States has approved
full-rate production of a new Hellfire missile variant, touted
by President George W. Bush for its ability to kill guerrillas
in urban settings, the missile's manufacturer said on
U.S. commanders in Iraq have asked for more of the rounds,
said Lt. Col. Kevin Curry, an Army spokesman at the Pentagon,
who added that early versions had already been used there in
"limited numbers." More than 1,870 Americans have been killed
in Iraq since the war began in March 2003.
The "thermobaric" Hellfire AGM-114N warhead creates an
intense, sustained pressure wave that can strike around corners
in "caves, bunkers and hardened multi-room complexes," the
manufacturer, Lockheed Martin Corp., said.
The Bush administration and Lockheed Martin, the Pentagon's
No. 1 supplier, have described the 27.5-pound (12.4-kg) warhead
as highly lethal in enclosed structures while causing only
minimal damage nearby.
"In the coming years, there are going to be some awfully
surprised terrorists when the thermobaric Hellfire comes
knocking," Bush said in a May 27 commencement address at the
U.S. Naval Academy.
Lockheed is supplying the Army with 900 AGM-114N warheads
under a $90 million pre-production contract awarded in
December. The contract also included 180 AGM-114K missiles, the
high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) round and conversion of 100
HEAT rounds to the thermobaric configuration.
The AGM-114N is one of four variants of the Hellfire 2
family of missiles that has been used in Iraq, with more than
1,000 missiles fired to date, said Lockheed Martin's Orlando,
Florida-based Missiles and Fire Control business unit.
Unlike conventional warheads, which unleash a sharp
pressure spike that decays quickly, the thermobaric round
includes a highly flammable, fluorinated aluminum powder to
make its explosion push harder and last longer.
Designed, developed and built at Naval Air Systems Command
in China Lake, California, the thermobaric round was put on a
fast track to full production, said Jennifer Allen, a Lockheed