December 12, 2011

‘Tele-Assistance’ For Sportspeople

Teskal ( is a computing application designed to relieve ℠the loneliness of the sportsperson´. The better a sportsperson is, the more time he or she spends away from home, and few can afford the luxury of travelling with psychologists, coaches, etc. This tool enables them to receive sports and psychological counseling online wherever they may be. María Palacios has detailed the development and validation of this tool in a thesis submitted at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and entitled Aspectos psicosociales aplicados a la formación en jóvenes deportistas a través de nuevas tecnologías (Psychosocial aspects applied to training in young sportspeople through the new technologies). This validation is due to be echoed by the Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte.

Palacios´ research brings together sports psychology, education, and information and communication technologies (ICTs). It has its origin in the author's working environment: “I work in a sports counseling company (Iceberg). Until I joined, they functioned with Sifolito, a program for providing sports and psychological counseling. Using some questionnaires on paper they held interviews with sports people, gathered data on their state, etc.  We realized that as sportspeople travel a lot, all this needed to be computerized; Sifolito needed to be developed through the new technologies.” It was something that apparently had never been done before in sports psychology: “We haven´t found anything like this.”

From Sifolito to Teskal

Teskal has been developed on the basis of the same aims and methodology as Sifolito, the original program. In other words, it is about optimizing the sportsperson´s performance by dealing with aspects linked to psychosocial capacities, like motivation, mood, anxiety, emotional control, decision-making processes, visualization, self-effectiveness, concentration and psychological tolerance. Palacios wondered what ICTs could offer in this field and has been gradually identifying and covering the needs of sportspeople, trainers and psychologists until coming up with Teskal, the definitive application.

The researcher explains that this web application has been very well accepted, irrespective of the sex of the sportsperson or type of sport he or she is engaged (individual as well as team sports). Part of this success could be due to the fact that it is very user-friendly, since Palacios has used the Usability and Accessibility Engineering Process Model (u+aEPM). “The software developed does not focus on computing in itself, but attaches more importance to the users so that the application is easy to understand and easy to remember,” she explains.


At the same time, the researcher has validated two of the computerized questionnaires. They are used to study mood and anxiety, respectively; aspects that greatly influence sporting performance. The variables of these two questionnaires have produced sound results throughout the study designed to validate them, and which was carried out on a sample of over 200 sportspeople in each case. So the computerized version (Teskal) of the questionnaires in the original program (Sifolito) has shown that it is reliable.

This validation phase has, in turn, been of use when confirming that there is a close relationship between mood and anxiety: “We have seen that anxiety variables are correlated positively with the measurements of mood (tension, depression, hostility and fatigue), and negatively with vitality.” She is quick to point out, however, that more exhaustive research is needed on this.

In view of the positive results produced by Teskal, Palacios asserts that trainers are being offered a rigorous tool for spotting the strong and weak points in sportspeople, and on the basis of them to suggest personal training plans to them. Personalized monitoring can be conducted, yet at the same time the application lends itself to being applied to large samples of sportspeople, thus overcoming space and time barriers. Teskal is in fact already being applied in practice. “It doesn´t end here, it goes on being improved,” maintains Palacios.

About the author

María E. Palacios-Moreno (Arnedo, La Rioja, Spain 1980) holds a computer engineering degree from the UPV/EHU. She wrote up her thesis under the supervision of Silvia Arribas-Galarraga and José Antonio Arruza-Gabilondo, director and professor, respectively, of the Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression of the UPV/EHU. She also defended her thesis at the same department at the University College of Teacher Training in Donostia-San Sebastian. Today, Palacios is the computer engineer at Grupo Iceberg Asesoramiento Deportivo S.L., an R+D+i enterprise devoted to the psychological counseling of sportspeople. In fact, she did her thesis in collaboration with this enterprise and with the UPV/EHU´s Ikerki 05/30 research team, which is geared towards research in the area of physical activity and sports.


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