October 11, 2012

Scientist Who Helped Create Dolly The Sheep Dies At 58

Lee Rannals for — Your Universe Online

Some revered him as a pioneer while others may have deemed his work unethical. But one thing was clear about Professor Keith Campbell: he was a genius.

It was confirmed today that Keith Campbell, who became famous for his role in cloning Dolly the sheep, died on Friday at 58-years-old.

Campbell led the scientific research into the creation of Dolly, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, back in 1996 at the University of Edinburgh´s Roslin Institute.

Sir Ian Wilmut, who led the team and became known as the sheep´s creator, said Campbell deserved 66 percent of the credit.

Campbell started working at the institute in 1991, leaving in 1999 when he became the Professor of Animal Development at the University of Nottingham.

Since Dolly was cloned, scientists have gone on to clone cattle, pigs, goats, horses, dogs, cats, mice and rats.

The team involved in creating Dolly was reunited last month as they appeared on BBC Radio 4's Reunion show, which included Sir Ian, Prof Campbell, Bill Ritchie, Marjorie Ritchie and John Bracken. They said they named Dolly after popular country singer Dolly Parton.

Dolly was born on July 6, 1996. After starting off her life in a test tube, the embryo was transferred into a surrogate mother six days later.

Scientists did not inform the public about the scientific development until the following year, giving them plenty of time to prepare the results.

Dolly was able to successfully produce six lambs, the first being Bonny back in 1998.

The university confirmed his death, but gave no further details as to how he died.