November 20, 2012
Scientists Alter Order Of Rainbow Colors On Nanoscale
Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online
Depending on the geometry of the nanostructure, a trapped rainbow could be created on a gold film that has the dimension on the order of a few micrometers, which is about 100 times smaller than the width of a human hair.
"Nanostructures of various kinds are being considered for solar cell applications to boost light absorption efficiency," Professor Anatoly Zayats in the department of physics said in a statement. "Our results mean that we do not need to keep solar cells illuminated at a fixed angle without compromising the efficiency of light coupling in a wide range of wavelengths. When used in reverse for screens and displays, this will lead to wider viewing angles for all possible colors."
The difference between natural rainbows, where red always appears on the outside and the blue on the inside, and the created nanostructure, the team was able to control where the rainbow colors would appear.
The researchers also discovered that it is possible to separate colors in the different sides of the nanostructures.
"The effects demonstrated here will be important to provide 'color' sensitivity in infrared imaging systems for security and product control," co-author Dr. Jean-Sebastien Bouillard from King's, said in a statement. "It will also enable the construction of microscale spectrometers for sensing applications."
Coupling light to nanostructures with multicolor characteristics could be of major import for light capturing devices, such as displays, photo detectors and solar cells.