US Population Growth In 2013 Was Slowest In Seventy Years: Census Bureau
Ranjini Raghunath for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online
On New Year’s Day 2014, the population of the U.S. will top off at roughly 3.2 million – an increase of 2.2 million from New Year’s Day in 2013. Although the U.S. growth rate is lower than the global growth rate of 1.1 percent, it is still higher than that of Europe and China.
Among individual states, Texas, California and Florida showed high population numbers last year, while Maine, West Virginia and Puerto Rico showed a drop in population. North Dakota, riding on its oil and gas boom last year, showed the biggest bump, growing by 3 percent.
Reduced immigration, due to the recession and the poor economy and the now-aging Baby Boomer population, are thought to be responsible for the stagnation in growth rate.
USA Today reports that 2013’s growth rate was “underwhelming,” according to William Frey, Washington demographer, who noted that, with the economy slowly on the mend, analysts expected a “burst of growth,” particularly in the Midwest. But that didn’t happen. Half the states showed even slower growth rates than 2012.
“The census projections to 2060 have us going down to half a percent because we’re an older population, and aging populations don’t grow so much,” Frey told the New York Times. “If we have very sharp declines in growth, that takes a bite out of the economy.”
Analysts also expected that Florida would beat New York to take on the mantle of the third-most populous state after California and Texas, but that didn’t happen either, although Florida did add an impressive 0.2 million to its population in 2013. California remained the most populous state, and became the first state to hit 38 million residents.
The Census Bureau also noted that in the U.S., a birth every 8 seconds and a death every 12 seconds are expected to happen in January 2014. Worldwide, 4.3 births and 1.8 deaths per second are expected. India showed the highest growth rate, adding 15.6 million people, followed by China, Nigeria, Pakistan and Ethiopia.