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Hurricane Guide: 2008 Season Gets Busy

September 12, 2008

Hurricane season in the Atlantic Basin, which includes the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico, runs from June 1 to Nov. 30.

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Saffir-Simpson Scale | Deadliest | Costliest
Vulnerable States
| Busiest Months | 2008 Names

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From above …


… and on the ground


Katrina in 2005

 

THE 2008 SEASON

 

Resources

Hurricane Science News

THE 2007 SEASON

THE 2006 SEASON

News from 2006

THE 2005 SEASON

The Season that Wouldn’t End

A Year of Concern and Reflection

Katrina: The Worst Storm Ever

More News from 2005

Related Stories

 

Rating Hurricanes: The Saffir-Simpson Scale

Cat.

Winds (mph)

Damage

Examples

1

74-95

Damage to unanchored mobile homes, shrubbery, trees, poorly constructed signs

Allison, 1995; Danny, 1997

2

96-110

Breakage of roofs, doors, windows; small trees blown down; flooding 2-4 hrs before hurricane

Bonnie, 1998; Georges, 1998

3

111-130

Mobile homes destroyed; large trees blown down; flooding 3-5 hrs before hurricane

Roxanne, 1995; Fran, 1996

4

131-155

Curtainwall failures in small residences; 10 ft flooding; evacuation as far inland as 6 miles

Luis, Felix, and Opal, 1995

5

155+

Complete roof failure; escape routes cut by 15 ft flooding; evacuation as far inland as 10 miles

Mitch and Gilbert, 1998

 

 

 

 

 

Summary by Category:
Hurricanes that Hit U.S. Coast (Texas to Main) from 1900-2004

Category Number

All
(1-5)

Major
(3-5)

1

2

3

4

5

65

41

50

16

2

174

68

 

 

 

 

Deadliest Atlantic-basin Hurricanes
(Not updated to include Katrina in 2005)

Rank

Areas Worst Hit

Month/Year

Deaths

1

Martinique; St. Eustatius; Barbados; offshore

Oct 1780

20,000-22,000

2

Galveston, TX

Sep 1900

8,000-12,000

3

Honduras (FIFI)

Sep 1974

3,000-10,000

4

Dominican Republic

Sep 1930

2,000-8,000

5

Haiti; Cuba (FLORA)

Oct 1963

7,186-8,000

6

Pointe-a-Pitre Bay, Guadoloupe

Sep 1776

6,000+

7

Newfoundland Banks

Sep 1775

4,000

8

Puerto Rico; Carolinas

Aug 1899

3,064+

9

Florida; Guadeloupe; Puerto Rico; Turks Islands; Martinique

Sep 1928

3,375-4,075

10

Cuba; Cayman Islands; Jamaica

Nov 1932

2,500+

 

 

 

 

Costliest U.S. Hurricanes (adjusted for inflation, in year-2000 dollars)
(Not updated to include Katrina in 2005)

Rank

Hurricane

Year

Cat.

Damage

1

Andrew (SE FL, SE LA)

1992

5

34,954,825,000

2

Hugo (SC)

1989

4

9,739,820,675

3

Agnes (FL, NE U.S.)

1972

1

8,602,500,000

4

Betsy (SE FL, SE LA)

1965

3

8,516,866,023

5

Camille (MS, SE LA, VA)

1969

5

6,992,441,549

6

Diane (NE U.S.)

1955

1

5,540,676,187

7

Frederic (AL, MS)

1979

3

4,965,327,332

8

Floyd (Mid Atlantic & NE U.S.)

1999

2

4,666,817,360

9

Unnamed (New England)

1938

3

4,748,580,000

10

Georges (USVI, PR)

1998

3

3,888,000,000

 

 

 

Direct Hits, 1900-2004

Florida
64

Texas
38

North Carolina
29

Louisiana
27

South Carolina
16

Alabama

12

Mississippi

9

New York

9

Connecticut

8

Massachusetts

6

Georgia

5

Maine

5

Rhode Island
5

Virginia

5

New Hampshire
2

Maryland

1

New Jersey
1

Delaware

0

 

 

 

Major Hurricanes (Cat. 3-5)
to Hit U.S. Coast (Texas to Main) from 1900-2004

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Total

2

3

17

38

8

68

 

 

 

Tropical Storm Names

2008 Names

Arthur
Bertha
Cristobal
Dolly
Edouard
Fay
Gustav
Hanna
Ike
Josephine
Kyle
Laura
Marco
Nana
Omar
Paloma
Rene
Sally
Teddy
Vicky
Wilfred

 

Military weather forecasters began giving women’s names to significant storms during WWII, then in 1950 the World Meteorological Organization agreed to an alphabetical naming system, using the military’s radio code. The first named Atlantic hurricane was Able in 1950.

Officials soon realized the naming convention would cause problems in the history books if more than one powerful Hurricane Able made landfall. So, in 1953 the organization adopted a rotating series of women’s names, planning to retire names of significant storms.

Feminists urged the WMO to add men’s names, which was done in 1979. The boy-girl-boy-girl naming convention evolved to include French and Spanish names in the Atlantic system, reflecting the languages of the nations affected by Carribean hurricanes.

Twenty-one names are reserved each year (the letters q, u, x, y and z are not used), and the names are recycled every six years, minus those retired. When a name is retired, the World Meteorological Organization chooses a new name to replace it.

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SOURCE: National Hurricane Center
Research by Michael Schirber and Robert Roy Britt


Source: imaginova



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